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7 WTC – This was the last building to collapse on 9/11 and the first one to be completely rebuilt and occupied. The 53-story structure (the original was 47 stories) was completed in 2006 and is the model for all future high-rise construction at the WTC.
National September 11 Memorial and Museum – This complex occupies eight acres of the 16-acre site. The components of this portion of the site include the Memorial Plaza, the Museum and the Museum Pavilion. The Plaza will be open to the public on Sept. 12, 2011. The Museum, which will open at a later date, will contain artifacts from the 1993 bombing (in which six people were killed and more than 1,000 were injured) and the 9/11 attack. The Pavilion is being built around two 70-foot high steel tridents (fork-like columns from the WTC Towers).
Also at this location are the footprints of the original 1 WTC and 2 WTC, consisting of 30-foot-deep pools. Water will cascade down the side of the pools’ granite walls and they will be the nation’s largest engineered waterfalls. The names of all the victims of the Feb. 26, 1993, bombing and Sept. 11, 2001, attack will line the footprints. There will be 416 white oak trees throughout the Memorial Plaza, chosen due to the multiple colors the leaves turn each year around 9/11.
Performing Arts Center – Planned to occupy the site where the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) railway station is presently located on Vesey Street and W. Broadway.
Transportation Hub – When the PATH Station moves back to Church Street (between 2 WTC and 3 WTC), it will mark the third time the station has moved due to construction. When the Hub is completed, it will link the PATH Station, 13 New York City subway lines, the Battery Park City Ferry, Fulton Street Transit Center, World Financial Center and the WTC buildings.
Another deviation from conventional construction is that the station is being built from the roof down. This is due to the roof of the station’s mezzanine level being part of the corner of the Memorial Plaza. Normal bottom-to-top construction would not have allowed the Plaza of the Memorial to be ready for 10th anniversary. The station entrance was designed by Santiago Calatrava and will be a glass-covered, birdlike, elliptical structure. The opening is slated for 2012, with completion in 2014.
Vehicle Security Center – Located on West and Liberty streets, this will be (as the name implies) a screening center for any trucks or buses entering the below-grade areas via ramps for access to loading docks and parking lots. This is the location where the stern of an 18th-century ship was discovered in a landfill while the site was being excavated.
Fulton Street Passage Way (also known as the East/West Connector) – This concourse will connect Battery Park City (the World Financial Center) to the Transportation Hub via an underground walkway for pedestrians. The passageway connects 1 WTC, the Transportation Hub and the other towers. Also within the site will be a chiller plant using water from the Hudson River to cool public spaces and two 36-foot-tall concrete ventilation units that will provide air to public spaces below grade.
The site can be thought of as a giant jigsaw puzzle in which all the pieces must fit together seamlessly for the image to come into focus. The new WTC is being built with safety and fire prevention in the forefront, while simultaneously and respectfully, remembering and honoring the victims of the 1993 bombing and 9/11.
This article is dedicated to all those who were killed in the terrorist attacks on 9/11. As we observe the 10th anniversary, we recognize our FDNY members who perished that tragic day and all those still suffering today.