Team building is an aspect of technical rescue training that should be reinforced throughout all training programs. The complexity and high risks associated with this type of rescue is real even during training. As mentioned previously, some things can be safely simulated during training. Movement of heavy materials, operation of powered hand tools and hot cutting activities are but a few of the real-life hazards encountered during this training that cannot be simulated. By adhering to the principle of “practicing as you perform,” you build good habits from day one.
Using the Incident Command System (ICS) and staffing models learned during earlier courses, the students were able to accomplish these challenges while constantly being observed by the instructional staff. At this stage of the collapse series, the program changes hands to a degree. Early on, the instructors took the definitive lead in all of the activities. Now, as they entered their seventh month of training, it was time to let them pull all of their skills together and function as if they were at an actual incident.
The last two courses in the series consisted of “Heavy Rigging” and “Concrete Breaching and Breaking.” The “Heavy Rigging” course worked as planned in getting the vaults moved to their desired locations for the “Concrete Breaching and Breaking” course. The crane was able to move the concrete vaults while providing the students extensive opportunities for rigging materials for a heavy lift. Due to the inherent danger of this type of operation, proper safety procedures were applied at all times.
The students gained valuable knowledge from the crane operators as to the importance of proper rigging practices. This component of a collapse operation also challenges the responders’ ability to work side by side with trained professionals from other disciplines. After the first few minutes together, it was apparent that this was going to be a successful venture. The emergency responders and the crane operators had one strong bond in common – they are hard-working people willing to go the extra mile to help someone in need.
The final course in the series, “Concrete Breaching and Breaking,” represented more than just the ninth in a series. Prior to this project, only New York Task Force 2, a state-level urban search and rescue (USAR) team, and the Fire Department of New York had completed this entire series.
As part of New York State Office of Fire Prevention and Control’s (OFPC) commitment to the training of emergency responders in New York State, an instructor certification was held in mid-August 2009. Upon the completion of the certification training, we scheduled instructors for the final course. The “Concrete Breaching and Breaking” course completed the nine-month undertaking.
Students were required to complete a number of tasks during this course. A dirty breach of concrete, a technique where the materials are removed and allowed to fall into the opening being created, was the first challenge they faced. This was followed by a clean breach; this scenario required the students to remove a section of concrete without having it fall or drop into the opening they were creating. This activity is used when live victims are possibly below or next to the area being breached.
Once again, the need to reach out for assistance arose. After the first two offerings were finished, the concrete vaults needed to be rotated in order for the last two groups to have enough working areas to complete their course objectives. Back came the heavy equipment from the airport and in one morning the training area was reset and ready for more students.
By now, the students were well versed in the various skills related to working at a collapse incident. Seeing the students interacting as one cohesive unit validated all of the hours spent preparing them for the challenges they may face in the future. Due to the efforts of all involved with this nine-month project, our community now possessed a response capability that was only a vision in the past. The first true test of bringing the “Vision to Reality” had been accomplished.
Next: Creating the technical rescue facility