Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations

  Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1Topic: Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations References:• IFSTA -Aerial Apparatus Driver/Operator Handbook, 2nd Edition (2009)• Essentials Of Fire Fighting, 5th...

    8. Through pre-fire inspection and planning, know area for access to rear

  D. Other aspects

    1. Assign interior coverage as part of standard response procedures

    2. Coverage operations must be coordinated with other apparatus

  E. Size-up information

    1. Objective of coverage operation is to gather information for size up

    2. Report information promptly to company officer

    3. Information should be precise and accurate

    4. Report negative situations

    5. Number of personnel available affect how much can be done at one time

    6. Additional resources may be required

III. Rescue Using Aerial Apparatus (1-3)

  A. Spotting the turntable

    1. Goal is to get turntable into position that allows aerial unit to be used most effectively - depends on number and location of victims and wind direction

    2. When victims at single window or several windows close together, spot turntable closest to victims

    3. If wind blowing across front of building, locate turntable upwind of victims

    4. If fire upwind of victims, spot turntable in best possible position to get victims quickly

    5. Upwind turntable position more important when fire issuing from windows below victims - if available, direct hoseline at fire

    6. When victims located some distance from each other, spot turntable between them

    7. Sometimes, aerial ladder can be positioned so that victims can be removed from two or more floors at once

    8. In some cases, aerial positioned at corner to permit coverage of two sides

  B. Raising the aerial unit

    1. Once spotted and stabilized, aerial unit raised toward victims in most danger

      a. Normally people closest to fire

      b. In some cases, occupants in danger from heat, smoke, and gases

    2. Other consideration is victims at higher stories above where aerial unit is placed

      a. People are panicky

      b. Establish visual or verbal contact

      c. Smoke can obscure occupants' view

      d. Trapped occupants in most peril are those endangered by own mental state

    3. Aerial ladder tip aimed at or just above sill or railing and extended to building

    4. Aerial platform extended horizontally toward window will or balcony railing or up to it from below

    5. When distance and height permits, aerial unit first raised well above victims with basket or tip dropped down in final approach

  C. Placing the ladder or platform

    1. Ladders

      a. If ladder tip extended above window sill or balcony or fire escape railing, will get in way of victims and fire fighters assisting them

      b. Ladders extended into window might block to much window opening

      c. Ladder tip should be placed just at or slightly above window sill or railing

      d. Situation more acute when occupants trapped on fire escape or balcony directly over fire - ladder should be raised on side of fire escape or balcony least exposed to fire

      e. In final approach, tip of ladder should be placed against wall to three feet above railing

    2. Platforms

      a. Top rail of basket should be placed about even with or slightly below window sill or fire escape or balcony railing

      b. When balcony or fire escape above fire, platform should be raised on least exposed side with top rail of basket placed even with railing

  D. Imperfectly spotted turntable

    1. Ladders - when only one beam of ladder makes contact with window sill, fire escape, or balcony, tip of beam should be placed above and about six inches from balcony railing during final approach

    2. Platforms - when only one corner of basket contacts balcony or fire escape, top rail of basket should be placed bit higher than balcony railing

  E. Removing trapped people

    1. Ladders

      a. If possible, at least one fire fighter should assist trapped people onto ladder

      b. Conscious, able adults should be allowed to climb down ladder

      c. If available, one fire fighter should precede people down ladder to ground