Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations

  Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1Topic: Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations References:• IFSTA -Aerial Apparatus Driver/Operator Handbook, 2nd Edition (2009)• Essentials Of Fire Fighting, 5th...

      d. Small children and anyone unconscious or injured must be carried down - backup fire fighter should precede fire fighter carrying victim

      e. When occupants must be removed from two or more locations, ladder should be kept at first location until all victims have climbed down

      f. Ladder should not normally be moved while anyone is climbing on it

      g. If rotating ladder will place it within safe reach of others attempting to get out of building, it should be positioned for them

      h. If fire situation bad, fire fighters might not be able to climb up ladder to keep victims from overloading

      i. When loading might exceed manufacturer's recommendations, ladder should be supported from below with ground ladders

      j. Ladder might have to be supported when it makes small angle with ground

    2. Platforms

      a. At least one fire fighter should be assigned to make sure trapped occupants do not overload platform

      b. When some people must remain in building while basket makes trip down, operator should move basket upward first and then away from building

      c. Fire fighter with unconscious victim should hold victim in basket until they reach ground

      d. Young children should be held or carried until descent is completed

      e. Unconscious victims should be sent down before conscious victims

      f. Fire fighters in building must be careful not to overload basket

  F. Removing victims by litter

    1. Ladders

      a. Ladder extended two or three rungs

      b. Lifeline passed under bottom rung of bed section

      c. Line passed up over ladder and dropped down between first and second rungs of fly section

      d. Hose roller placed over rung helps prevent wear and tear on rope

      e. Line tied to sling on litter under ladder

      f. As ladder raised, rotated, and extended, rope fed up ladder to hold litter in position

      g. Guideline attached to litter prevents spinning

      h. Ladder raised and adjusted until litter can be pulled in through window or onto roof, fire escape, or balcony

      i. Once litter in position, lifeline should be doubled, tied securely to bottom rung of bed section, and monitored

      j. When litter ready to be lowered, pull ladder away from building or extend it slightly to take up slack

      k. Rotate ladder away from building and retract until litter contacts ground

    2. Platforms

      a. Litter can be raised in basket

      b. Litter should be laid across and tied to basket

  G. Lifeline anchor

    1. Might be used when one or more victims trapped at rear of building and aerial unit cannot be positioned to reach them

    2. With aerial ladder, lifeline should be tied to rung closest to point of contact with roof

    3. With platform, lifeline should be secured to strong member of basket or boom assembly

    4. Lifeline taken across roof to far side and dropped down

NOTE: Ladder belts should not be used for control descent of rescuers or removal of victims. Action rescue and removal of victims should be accomplished by personnel who have training in this area

IV. Ventilation Using Aerial Apparatus (1-4)

  A. Removing windows

    1. One fire fighter on aerial ladder or in basket can quickly knock out row of windows with pike pole

    2. Fire fighter should be secured with ladder belt

    3. Fire fighter should be placed to one side of window even with sill

    4. If wind a factor, placement should be on windward side

    5. When more than open window must be opened and wind blowing across face of building, first window opened should be one furthest downwind

  B. Venting with streams

    1. Initial size up indicates that it would be extremely dangerous to place venting crew on roof

    2. Windows on top floor can be raked out with hose stream from aerial unit

    3. Solid streams should be used

    4. Ladder tip or basket should be placed away from building

    5. Furthest downwind window should be knocked out first if wind blowing across face of building