EMTB Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Drill

  EMTB Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Drill Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1 Topic: Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Level of Instruction: 3 Time Required: 3 hours Materials: · Chalkboard...


 

EMTB Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Drill

Instructor Guide

Session Reference: 1

Topic: Anatomical Terms and Body Systems

Level of Instruction: 3

Time Required: 3 hours

Materials:

· Chalkboard

· Anatomy visuals

· Anatomy handouts

References:

· Emergency Care,11th Edition, Brady

==============================================================

PREPARATION:

Motivation:

An understanding of basic anatomy contributes to accurate communications between field providers as well as hospital personal. Understanding anatomy is critical to be able to use the mechanism of injury to determine potential injuries sustained by the patient.

Objective (SPO): 1-1

The student will be able to identify, from memory and without assistance, topographic anatomical landmarks, positions, body systems and their functions.

Overview:

Review of Anatomical Terms and Body Systems

I. Directional Terms (1-1)

A. Anatomical position


  1. Person standing erect

  2. Facing forward

  3. Palms facing forward

B. Planes

  1. Flat surface dividing a body into halves

  2. Midline

    a. center of body

    b. between eyes, extending through umbilicus

    c. creates left and right halves

  3. Medial

    a. position close to the midline

  4. Lateral

    a. position further away from the midline

  5. Bilateral

    a. refers to both sides of the body

  6. Mid-axillary line

    a. vertically from mid-armpit to the ankle

    b. creates front and back halves

  7. Anterior

    a. front half

    b. also referred to as ventral

  8. Posterior

    a. back half

    b. also referred to as dorsal

  9. Superior

    a. above

  10. Inferior

    a. below

  11. Proximal

    a. closer to the torso

  12. Distal

    a. farther away from the torso

  13. Palmar

    a. refers to palm of the hand

  14. Plantar

    a. refers to sole of the foot

  15. Mid-clavicular line

    a. runs through the center of clavicle and the nipple below

  16. Abdominal quadrants

    a. created by drawing horizontal and vertical lines through the navel

    b. left upper quadrant (LUQ)

      1) stomach

      2) spleen

      3) portion of the colon

      4) small intestine

    c. right upper quadrant (RUQ)

      1) liver

      2) gall bladder

      3) portion of the colon

      4) small intestine

    d. left lower quadrant (LLQ)

      1) small intestine

      2) large intestine

    e. right lower quadrant (RLQ)

      1) small intestine

      2) large intestine

      3) appendix

II. Positional Terms (1-2)

A. Supine

  1. Patient lying on back

B. Prone

  1. Patient lying on abdomen

C. Recovery position

  1. Preferred position for unconscious non-trauma patient

  2. Patient lying on side

  3. Also know as laterally recumbent

    a. left laterally recumbent

    b. right laterally recumbent

D. Fowler’s position

  1. Seated position

  2. Generally 45 - 60 degree angle

  3. Legs may be straight out or bent

E. Semi-Fowler’s position

  1. Semi-sitting position

F. Trendelenburg position

  1. Patient lying with head slightly lower than feet

    a. patient may lie flat and elevate legs

    b. If on spine board, tilt the board

    c. sometimes called the shock position

III. Body systems (1-3)

A. Musculoskeletal System

  1. Components

    a. bones

    b. muscles

    c. ligaments - connects bone to bone

    d. tendons - connects muscle to bone

  2. Functions

    a. gives body shape

    b. protects vital internal organs

    c. provides for body movement

  3. Skull

    a. encloses and protects brain

    b. cranium

      1) top, back and sides of skull

    c. face

      1) front of skull

      2) mandible - lower jaw

      3) maxilla - upper jaw

      4) zygomatic bones - cheek bones

      5) nasal bone

      6) orbits - surrounds eyes

  4. Spinal column

    a. houses and protects the spinal cord

    b. vertebrae

This content continues onto the next page...