EMTB Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Drill

  EMTB Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Drill Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1 Topic: Anatomical Terms and Body Systems Level of Instruction: 3 Time Required: 3 hours Materials: · Chalkboard...

      1) 33

      2) cervical spine - neck

      3) thoracic spine - chest

        a) ribs attach posteriorly

      4) lumbar spine - mid back

      5) sacral spine/sacrum

      6) coccyx - tailbone

    5. Thorax

      a. chest

      b. thoracic cavity

        1) formed by bones

        2) contains heart, lungs, major blood vessels

        3) ribs

        4) sternum

          a) manubrium - superior portion

          b) body - center portion

          c) xiphoid process - inferior tip

  6. Pelvis

    a. ilium

    b. ischium

    c. pubis

    d. acetabulum - hip joint socket

  7. Lower extremities

    a. femur - thigh

    b. patella - kneecap

    c. tibia - shin bone

    d. fibula - lower leg

    e. lateral malleolus

      1) distal end of fibula

    f. medial malleolus

      1) distal end of tibia

    g. tarsals - ankle

    h. metatarsals - foot

    i. calcaneus - heel

    j. phalanges - toes

  8. Upper extremities

    a. clavicle - collarbone

    b. scapula - shoulder blade

    c. acromion process - highest portion of the shoulder

    d. acromioclavicular joint

    e. humerus - upper arm

    f. radius – forearm

    g. ulna - forearm

    h. carpals - wrist

    i. metacarpals - hand

    j. phalanges - fingers

  9. Joints

    a. ball and socket - hip

    b. hinge - elbow

  10. Muscles

    a. voluntary

      1) skeletal muscles

      2) conscious control of the brain

    b. involuntary

      1) smooth muscle

      2) no direct, conscious control

    c. cardiac

      1) found only in heart

      2) automaticity

        a) ability to generate and conduct electrical impulses

B. Respiratory system

  1. Function

    a. move oxygen into bloodstream.

    b. remove carbon dioxide from the bloodstream

  2. Anatomy

    a. oropharynx

    b. nasopharynx

    c. pharynx

    d. epiglottis

    e. larynx

    f. cricoid cartilage

    g. trachea - windpipe

    h. lungs

    i. bronchi

    j. alveoli

    k. diaphragm

  3. Physiology

    a. inhalation

      1) active process

      2) intercostal (rib) muscles and diaphragm contract

    b. exhalation

      1) passive process

      2) muscles relax

C. Cardiovascular/Circulatory System

  1. Heart

    a. atria

    b. ventricles

    c. vena cava

      1) superior vena cava

      2) inferior vena cava

    d. aorta

    e. cardiac conduction system

      1) sinoatrial (SA) node

      2) atrioventricular (AV) node

  2. Blood circulation

    a. arteries

      1) carry blood away from heart

      2) major arteries

        a) coronary

        b) aorta

        c) pulmonary

        d) carotid

        e) femoral

        f) brachial

        g) radial

        h) posterior tibial

        i) dorsalis pedis

    b. arterioles

      1) smallest branch of arteries

    c. capillaries

      1) cellular level gas exchange

    d. venules

      1) smallest branch of veins

    e. veins

      1) carry blood to the heart

      2) major veins

        a) superior vena cava

        b) inferior vena cava

        c) pulmonary

    f. composition of blood

      1) plasma

        a) watery liquid

        b) carries solids

      2) red blood cells

        a) carry oxygen and carbon dioxide

        b) give blood color

      3) white blood cells

        a) fights infection

      4) platelets

        a) creates blood clots

D. Nervous System

  1. Central nervous system

    a. brain

    b. spinal cord

    c. controls all basic bodily functions

  2. Peripheral nervous system

    a. sensory nerves

      1) transmit information to the brain from the body

    b. motor nerves

      1) transmit information to the body from the brain