Training Techniques

  TOPIC: TRAINING TECHNIQUESLEVEL OF INSTRUCTION:TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURSMATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALSREFERENCES: Fire and Emergency Services Instructor, 6th ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Fire Department...

     3. Provide instruction that is consistent with and reinforces department standard operating procedures

     4. Stress teamwork and the buddy system at all times

     5. Provide training that is as realistic as possible without compromising safety (remember that training is a controlled environment and we should not have little or injuries and no fatalities)

     6. Provide training that is consistent with the techniques and practices utilized in the field

B. Training in Context

     1. A concept where a skills is taught context of its application rather than teaching the skill as a standalone item

     2. As an example, rather than just teaching someone to start a circular saw, the instruction may also include carrying the saw to the workplace, operating it to make a ventilation hole in a roof, and conducting the necessary maintenance to return it to service

     3. Training in context considers the entire context in which the skill is used rather than the skill by itself

     4. May help students to better understand the importance of learning a skill by understanding how it might be used

C. Other Considerations

     1. Provide some form of recognition for successful completion of training

     2. Consider professional certification based on applicable NFPA professional qualification standards to recognize specific training levels

     3. Although it is not a professional requirement, consideration some form of firefighter recertification, re-evaluation, or refresher training on a regular basic to validate knowledge and skill levels

     4. Consider some form of visible sign to indicate firefighter training levels to avoid individuals be subjected to work assignments beyond their training level

     5. Make sure that any training program is documented and individual student performance is included in personnel folders

          a. Student performance and enabling objectives

          b. Lesson guide

          c. Text references

          d. Means of evaluation

          e. Class attendance

          f. Evaluation results




* Reinforce Basics

* Train As You Work

REMOTIVATION: Train as you work and work as you train. The emergency scene should not be the training ground. Prior to arrival at the emergency scene, personnel should be properly trained to perform any tasks that may be assigned to them.




Appendix A

Supply line operations

       forward, reverse, and splits lays (single and dual lines)

       large diameter hose operations (manifolds and wyes)

       setting up folding tanks

       setting up for draft

       hydrant valve use (Humat valve operations)

Ground ladders (roof, 24 ft., 28 ft., 35 ft.)



       climbing (working from, leg lock, and roof ladder placement)

Attack line handling

        advancing uncharged lines up and down stairs

        advancing charged lines up and down stairs

        advancing uncharged lines up ground ladders

        advancing charged lines up ground ladders

        standpipe operations (single and multiple lines, extending standpipe lines and flying standpipes)

        leader line operations


         forcing doors, windows, and roofs using hand tools

         forcing doors, windows, and roofs using power tools

         hand and power tool care and maintenance

         hoisting tools

Self-contained breathing apparatus



         maze operation

         smoke evolution

         emergency operations

         care and maintenance



         negative pressure (set up and operation)

         positive pressure (set up and operation)

         tactical considerations (size up)

         NPA vs. PPV

Search and rescue

         interior search