Salvage

Session Reference: 1-1 Topic: Salvage Time Required: 2 Hours Materials:    • Various Items of Salvage Equipment    • Salvage Covers References:    • Truck Company Fireground Operations, Second Edition...


Session Reference: 1-1

Topic: Salvage

Time Required: 2 Hours

Materials:

   • Various Items of Salvage Equipment

   • Salvage Covers

References:

   • Truck Company Fireground Operations, Second Edition, Chapter 10

   • Essentials of Fire Fighting, Third Edition, Chapter 14

PREPARATION:

Motivation:

Objective (SPO): 1-1

The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of protecting building contents, removing water from buildings, pre-inspection, and performing salvage operations.

Overview:

Salvage

   • Introduction to salvage

   • Protecting building contents

   • Removing water from buildings

Session 1-1 Salvage and Overhaul

SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of protecting building contents, removing water from buildings, pre-inspection, and performing salvage operations.

1-1-1 Describe the concept of salvage and how it contributes to conserving property.

1-1-2 Describe methods used to protect building contents from water.

1-1-3 Describe methods of water removing water from buildings.

I. Introduction to Salvage (1-1-1)

A. Water used to limit fire damage can damage building and ruin contents

B. Salvage operations can reduce water damage

C. Two types of salvage operations

  1. Those that protect contents of building

  2. Those that protect building itself from structural damage

  3. First entails proper placement of salvage covers and second requires water removal

D. Salvage operations often neglected because of supposed lack of personnel

E. Makes little sense to put effort into controlling fire while allowing water to ruin office equipment or domestic furnishings

F. Misconception that salvage is related to overhaul

  1. Main objective of salvage is to protect building and contents from water damage; main objective of

      overhaul is to make sure fire is completely out

  2. Salvage operations should start as soon as attack begins; overhaul operations not started until fire

      extinguished

  3. Salvage operations performed with salvage tools; overhaul requires truck tools and hoselines

G. Type of salvage operations required in particular building depends to some extent on construction

  1. Floors made of concrete usually will hold water

  2. Water will seep quickly through wooden floors

H. Size up of situation will indicate which salvage operations should be initiated first and where

I. Should be no hesitation in calling for extra companies to perform salvage operations

II. Protecting Building Contents (1-1-2)

A. Salvage covers

  1. Usually large sheets of waterproof material

      a. Available in several sizes, materials, and shapes

      b. Some fire resistant

      c. Some must be placed with particular side open

  2. Fire fighters should be familiar with type of covers carried

  3. Various ways of folding covers for transporting

      a. Appearance of folded covers should indicate whether it can be spread by one person or more

         required

      b. Cover should be tagged to indicate number of personnel required for use

  4. Types of covers used, folding methods, and carrying and spreading techniques should be

      standardized

B. Covering building contents

  1. Covers should first be spread over contents in most danger of water damage

      a. In most cases, those on floor below fire floor, directly under fire

      b. In rare instances, area under fire contains few items that would be damaged by water

      c. Important point is to first cover items that could suffer most water damage because of either

          position or value

  2. Covers can be rigged over shelves mounted on walls

  3. Covers should also be spread over contents on fire floor and floor above fire when operations

       necessitate

  4. When number of covers limited, available covers should protect most valuable contents

C. Controlling water flow

  1. Covers can be used to control flow of water

      a. Placed in doorway to block movement of water

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