Salvage

Session Reference: 1-1 Topic: Salvage Time Required: 2 Hours Materials:    • Various Items of Salvage Equipment    • Salvage Covers References:    • Truck Company Fireground Operations, Second Edition...


      b. Used as conduits to direct accumulated water to stairways and then down stairways and out

          through exterior doorways

      c. Can be used on floor to guide water

  2. Sawdust, can be spread to absorb water and control flow of water

D. Catchalls

  1. Covers can be rigged as basins to catch and hold water

      a. Cover can be rolled from all edges to form flat, shallow catchall

      b. Draped over four ladders or other suitable material to form deep catchall

  2. Catchalls effective in keeping moderate amounts of water off contents and preventing water from

       moving around floor or seeping

  3. Once catchall filled, must be dumped carefully

  4. If catchall too heavy to move, portable pumps can be used

III. Removing Water from Buildings (1-1-3)

Sooner water is removed, less damage it will do to floors and carpets and less chance of leakage to lower floors

A. Chutes

  1. In addition to rolled cover conduits, more permanent chutes can be made from cover material

      a. Strip of cover material about 10 to 12 feet long

      b. Pair of wood poles or aluminum pipes of same length

      c. Long edge of strip rolled and fastened to poles

  2. Can be rigged below hole on short straight ladder or A-frame type ladder

      a. Ladder should be tall enough to hold upper end of chute close to hole

      b. Poles can be tied to ladder

      c. Covers can be spread over items close to chute

      d. Lower end of chute should extend far enough out window so water will not fall back into

          building

  3. Chute can be fabricated from funnel-type device and old hose

      a. Bar across salvage hole to support chute

      b. Hose run out window or into drainage system

      c. Drain screen can be constructed as part of top of chute

B. Drains

  1. Floor and wall drains can be used if located fairly close to accumulation of water

  2. Large quantities of water should not be moved to small drains

  3. Drains must be kept free of debris

  4. Built-in drains must be used in combination with other water removal methods

  5. Locations of adequate drains should be determined during pre-fire planning surveys

  6. Floor drains ideal outlets for water

  7. Wall drains (scuppers) ideal for removing water

C. Toilets

  1. When toilet unbolted from floor and lifted out of place, sewer pipe opening exposed

  2. Flooring in bathroom usually most water resistant in building

  3. Sewer pipe not usually sealed to floor around it, water can drop down to lower stores through

      space between pipe and floor

  4. Salvage cover can be placed on far side of pipe to keep water from flowing past it

  5. Ceiling below toilet should be checked for leakage

  6. Drain screen should be placed over opening

D. Sewer pipes

  1. In some structures, sewer pipes exposed

      a. Usually run along one wall of building

      b. In stores, most often located in rear work areas

  2. Because sewer pipes must be broken to be used, small amounts of water should be removed by

      other means

      a. Sewer pipe is knocked open at floor level

      b. Drain screen should be placed over opening

  3. Operation can be repeated on several floors with pipe on uppermost floor opened first

E. Openings in walls

  1. Large openings may be required to get water out

  2. Such opening can be made by removing wall immediately below window, from sill to floor

      a. Be careful not to cut or damage structural members

      b. Close or cover windows below opening

      c. Wall cut will first be used on floor below fire

  3. Crews must be kept informed of fire situation above them and amount of water on fire floor

  4. Must also be on lookout for signs of building collapse

  5. Once fire extinguished, wall opening can be made on fire floor

F. Pumps

  1. Various types and sizes of portable pumps available

  2. Can be used alone or in combination with other water removal methods

  3. Most pumps have small capacities so cannot be used for quick removal of appreciable amount of