Developing a Training Drill

TOPIC: DEVELOPING A TRAINING DRILL TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO VISUAL SUPPORT REFERENCES: FIRE INSTRUCTOR'S TRAINING GUIDE, SECOND EDITION, JOSEPH R. BACHTLER, FIRE ENGINEERING FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES...


      f. Individually - student performs the activity without assistance

      g. As part of a team - student performs the activity as part of a team

II. REFERENCES

A. Texts

  1. Lesson guide should reference text that are the basis for the training activity

       a. Text may serve as the basis for determining if the skill is performed correctly

       b. Text may provide sequence for performing a skill

       c. Text supports generally accepted practices

  2. Text may serve as basis for uniformity in performing skill or providing instruction

B. Standards

  1. National standards such as NFPA may provide a basis for the lesson

  2. Should be referenced in objectives

  3. May outline required performance level

C. Regulations

  1. Applicable regulations such as OSHA may outline what is required

  2. Should be referenced in objectives

  3. May provide legal basis for conducting training

D. May help to determine condition, behavior, and standard

III. EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS NEEDED

A. Overview

  1. If the session includes a demonstration, the material or equipment should be available to perform

      the demonstration

  2. If the session includes hands-on practice by the students, adequate equipment or material should be

      available

      a. One piece of equipment for each 5 to 7 people

      b. If expendable supplies are be used, supplies should be provided for each participant

      c. Some means of sanitizing may be required for reusable items where there will be mouth to

          equipment contact by more than one person with the same piece of equipment, i.e., manikin

          facepieces in CPR training

  3. Students may not be able to visualize equipment or materials from a picture--it is better to have the

      real thing

  4. Equipment and materials should support the lesson rather than the lesson support the equipment or

      materials especially visual aids

  5. If bulky equipment is being used, break the group down to more manageable components so that

      everyone can see and understand

B. Apparatus

  1. Identify number and type needed

  2. Identify if apparatus must be placed out of service

  3. May require standby units

  4. Have adequate apparatus to perform the evolutions

C. Equipment

  1. Identify what is needed

  2. Have adequate equipment in relation to number of participants

  3. Make sure equipment is in working order

  4. Make sure students know how to use equipment

D. Expendable Materials

  1. Identify what is needed

  2. Have adequate materials in relation to number of participants

  3. Eliminate any safety hazards associated with materials, e.g., removing fuel tanks from automobiles

      before performing extrication

E. Structures

  1. Safe to use

      a. No man-traps (weak areas or openings in floors)

      b. Structurally sound

      c. Adequate means of exit/escape

  2. Environmental considerations

      a. Asbestos

      b. Floor coverings

      c. Exterior wall and roof coverings

  3. Fuel load

      a. Watch heat generation level

      b. Do not use flammable or combustible materials

      c. Limit quantity of fuel to that needed to accomplish the lesson (do not see how much can be

          generated)

          1) Results in unnecessary injury

          2) Results in unnecessary damage to personal protective clothing

IV. SUPPORT NEEDED

A. Identify Number of Support Instructors Needed

  1. Maintain safe instructor to student ratio

      a. Hands-on activities such as vehicle extrication may require one instructor for each 5 to 7

          students

      b. Practical activities such as live burns may require at least three pair of instructors

          1) One pair with students in fire area

          2) One pair with the students waiting to enter the fire area (back up team)

          3) One pair with the students who have just exited the fire area

          4) A safety officer and overall supervisor will be needed