Training Techniques

TOPIC: TRAINING TECHNIQUES TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: Fire and Emergency Services Instructor, 6th ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Fire Department Safety...

D. Conduct a skills evaluation to determine any potential deficiencies in performing basic skills. Appendix B contains some practical evaluation problems that can be used for this purpose. The results of the evaluation can be used as the basis for future training. Such an evaluation should be taken seriously and should not be used as an opportunity to embarrass anyone who has difficulty performing any skill.

E. Techniques that can be used to reinforce basics

  1. Lecture

      a. Provides new material by telling, talking, or explaining

      b. Efficient way to send information to the receiver

      c. Receiver listens and takes notes to acquire the knowledge

      d. Speaker can reach people in any size group

      e. Format can be very cost effective

  2. Discussion

      a. One-sided lecture method of delivering instruction

      b. Allows interaction between a group and an instructor

      c. In order to be effective, participants must have a basic knowledge of the subject before the

         discussion begins

     d. Not a good format for introducing new material to inexperienced students

     e. Works best with small groups

     f. Categories include guided, conference, case study, role-play, and brainstorming

  3. Illustration

      a. Sometimes called lecture but really illustrated lecture

      b. Showing method that uses both the senses of sight and hearing

      c. Instructor uses drawings, pictures, slides, transparencies, videotapes, films, models, and other

         visual aids

      d. Often improperly used as a substitute for demonstration

      e. Can supplement a demonstration but cannot take its place

  4. Demonstration

      a. Act of showing how to do something

      b. Basic means for teaching manipulative skills, physical principles, and mechanical functions

      c. Instructor demonstrates a task while explaining how and why it is performed

      d. Communicates both sight and hearing senses

      e. When participants practice the skill, they add the sense of touch to their learning experience

      f. Limitations

         1) Instructors must plan for extensive preparation and cleanup times

         2) Careful lesson planning is important because setup and practice often take up most of the class


         3) Large groups of participants require extra equipment for practice as well as additional

             instructors for supervision, coaching, and safety

         4) Skills that require outside practice are at the mercy of the elements

      g. Advantages

        1) Participants can receive feedback immediately

        2) Instructors can readily observe a change in behavior

        3) Learners have a higher level of interest when participating

        4) Instructors can determine what objectives have been met

        5) Carefully supervised skills that participants learn correctly in a safe environment give them the

            confidence to operate on the job

  5. Use practical evolutions to demonstrate an understanding and comprehension of a particular skill or

      series of skills

  6. Consider the use of visual aids or props to improve the understanding of the knowledge or skill

  7. Include performance standards or objectives so that the expected results is clearly stated

  8. Use methods of evaluating performance such as written tests, practical evaluations, group

      interaction, observation, etc.


A. Basic element of training as you work

  1. Make sure that the instructors have the ability to deliver the training to be provided (instructor


  2. Make sure that the instructors are technically competent for the areas in which the instruction is

      being provided

  3. Provide instruction that is consistent with and reinforces department standard operating procedures

  4. Stress teamwork and the buddy system at all times

  5. Provide training that is as realistic as possible without compromising safety (remember that training

      is a controlled environment and we should not have little or injuries and no fatalities)

  6. Provide training that is consistent with the techniques and practices utilized in the field