Firefighter Pre-Basic

  INSTRUCTOR GUIDE COURSE: FIREFIGHTER PRE-BASICSESSION REFERENCE: 1BEHAVIORLEVEL OF INSTRUCTION:TIME REQUIRED: Three HoursMATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO VISUAL AIDSREFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FIFTH EDITION, IFSTA, CHAPTERS 1 AND 3...


 

INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

COURSE: FIREFIGHTER PRE-BASIC

SESSION REFERENCE: 1

BEHAVIOR

LEVEL OF INSTRUCTION:

TIME REQUIRED: Three Hours

MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO VISUAL AIDS

REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FIFTH EDITION, IFSTA, CHAPTERS 1 AND 3 MINIMUM PRE-BASIC TRAINING PROGRAM FOR FIREFIGHTER TRAINEES IN MARYLAND, MARYLAND FIRE-RESCUE EDUCATION AND TRAINING COMMISSION

PREPARATION:

MOTIVATION:

OBJECTIVE (SPO): The firefighter will demonstrate a basic understanding of the organization and operation of a fire department and the concept and principles of fire behavior.

OVERVIEW:

Orientation and Fire Behavior

 • Fire department organization

 • Fire department operations

 • Fire behavior

SESSION 1 ORIENTATION AND FIRE BEHAVIOR

SPO The firefighter will demonstrate a basic understanding of the organization and operation of a fire department and the concept and principles of fire behavior.

EO 1-1 Explain the general organizational structure of a fire department.

EO 1-2 Explain the general operational structure of a fire department.

EO 1-3 Explain the concept of fire and the principles related to fire behavior. This drill is designed to provide a new firefighter with a basic understanding of his or her fire department and its operation. The drill also includes some basic information on fire behavior and the concept of what makes a fire. This drill should be localized for each individual department. It is expected that each of the items will be discussed in some level of detail to assist the new firefighter in becoming acclimated to the department.

1. FIRE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION (1-1)

  1. Fire Department History
    1. When organized
    2. Why organized
    3. First apparatus
    4. Significant accomplishments (station construction, increases in services provided, etc.)
    5. Types of service provided
  2. Department Organization
    1. Constitution and by laws
    2. House and running rules
    3. Departmental orders
    4. Administrative structure
    5. Operational structure
    6. County and state fire service organizations that suppose the fire department
  3. Basic Terminology
    1. Department - an organization comprised of one or more stations or companies
    2. Company - an individual type of service (engine, truck, squad) or an individual station
    3. Engine - a piece of motorized apparatus carrying at least 500 gallons of water, 1,200 feet of supply hose, and 400 of attack hose, some tools, ground ladders, and equipped with a fire pump capable of pumping at least 750 GPM of water (also called a pumper)

NOTE: Be prepared to explain any local variations such as an engine-tanker, rescue engine, or mini-pumper

      1. Truck - a piece of motorized apparatus carrying multiple ground ladders, tools, and equipped with an aerial device such as a ladder or platform

NOTE: Be prepared to explain any local variations such as a tower or quint

2. FIRE DEPARTMENT OPERATIONS (1-2)

  1. Training Requirements
    1. Firefighter I for firefighting operations
    2. First Responder (basic medical training) for firefighting operations
    3. Emergency Care Basic for basic life support operations
    4. Rescue Technician or similar training for vehicle extrication operations
    5. Hazardous Materials Operations for anyone responding on emergency alarms
  2. Station Operations
    1. Watch office operations including the base radio station, if present
    2. Location of equipment and apparatus
    3. Apparatus dispatching
      1. Local alarms (brush, trash, automatic alarms)
      2. Structural alarms (single-family, multiple family, commercial)
      3. Medical emergencies
      4. Other types of alarms
    4. Apparatus staffing
    5. Apparatus boarding and safe riding
  3. Emergency Scene Operations
    1. Standard operating procedures
      1. Fires
      2. Medical emergencies
      3. Other types of incidents
      4. Personnel accountability system
      5. Personal safety (protective clothing)
    2. Incident command system overview
      1. Five major areas
        1. Command - strategic planning and overall incident responsibility
        2. Operations - tactical planning and operational management
        3. Planning - research and incident analysis
        4. Logistics - supply and scene support
        5. Finance/Administration - recordkeeping and administrative support
      2. Staff positions
        1. Information - public relations and media coordination
        2. Safety - scene safety
        3. Liaison - coordination with non-fire agencies
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