Vehicular Rescue Involving Animals

Vehicular Rescue Involving Animals Session Reference: 1 Time Required: Three to Six Hours Materials:    • Animal Transport Vehicles    • Animals    • Vehicular Extrication Tools and Equipment...

  1. Electrically powered hydraulic tools

  2. Reciprocating saws with lubricant

  3. May be able to remove doors with hand tools


VII. Removal and Transfer (1-7)

A. Should Be Addressed During Disentanglement

  1. Select removal path

  2. Identify removal equipment

  3. Protect animals during removal (sharp edges)

  4. Rescue personnel should assist/support animal rescue personnel

B. Tail-Tie Removal

  1. Can be used for horse removal

  2. Tail will support full weight of horse if pull is steady rather than sudden

  3. Involves placing rope midway on horse's tail, forming a bight in the tail, wrapping rope around tail,

      and pulling rope back through round turn (becket bend with tail being used in place of one of the

      two ropes being joined together)

  4. Consider tying know from side of horse to avoid being kicked

  5. Only useable when horse is being removed to rear

C. Full Body Slide

  1. Used when horse being removed sideways

  2. Involves starting at right front leg, passing the rope under the right front leg toward the rear, under

      the right rear leg, under the left rear leg leaving some slack in the rope between the two rear legs,

      and under the left front leg

  3. Form a loop in the standing end of the rope with the standing end on the bottom of the loop, pull

      the slack rope at the rear up to form a bight at the hind end of the horse top of the loop, lay the

      bight on the loop in the standing end of the rope, take the running end through the loop in the

      standing end, around the standing end, and back through the loop. The completed knot, which

      should look similar to a Bowline, is a French Bowline (figure 1).

  4. Knot is designed to equalize as animal is moved and to use extremities for support

  5. Rope should not be placed around animal's neck or chest

  6. May want to use rope and sling to pull animal onto animal sling

D. Animal Packaging Requirements

  1. Consult with individuals knowledgeable with animals involved

  2. At a minimum, animal should be placed on pieces of plywood, blankets, or salvage covers that can

      be used for further movement

E. Special Transport Requirements

  1. Need should be identified and units request early into incident

  2. May involve trailers or specialized animal transport units

  3. Beyond scope of fire department


VIII. Termination (1-8)

A. Size Debris Clean-up

B. Animal Removal (deceased)

C. Return to Normal

D. Stress Concerns - May Require Critical Incident Stress Debriefing Assistance

A videotape entitled "The Equine Trailer Rescue" is available to assist with the training activities. It can be obtained from Video Knowledge, 25 Applegate Street, Red Bank, NJ 07701.

Other Sources of Information:



   • Days End Farm, 15856 Frederick Road, P.O. Box 309, Lisbon, MD 21765, 301-854-5037

   • You may want to obtain animal transport vehicles to practice extrication techniques. This will give

      the students hands-on experience with available tools and techniques. A source might be





Vehicular Rescue Involving Animals

   • Assessment

   • Hazard Control

   • Support Operations

   • Gaining Access

   • Emergency Care

   • Disentanglement

   • Removal and Transfer

   • Termination



A motor vehicle incident where animals may be involved is something that any fire or rescue department has the potential of being dispatched to. Being prepared prior to the incident will produce a more positive outcome and better public relations for the department. An incident such as this should be handled in a professional manner and not be utilize as a training opportunity.