Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters Session Reference: 1 Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Variety of Fire Prevention Literature References:    • Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, Chapter 19...

  4. Utilize people within the target audience to assist

  5. Be interactive with the audience

E. Evaluate results

  1. Measure results against program goals

      a. Do not be discouraged when you do not see immediate results

      b. Remember, a fire that has not started is difficult to know about--fire prevention is ore difficult to

          measure than alarm response

  2. Utilize follow-up visits as a means to measure information retention

  3. Maintain a good public relationship with the community

  4. Some of the benefits such as good will and public support may be less obvious


II. Public Fire Safety Education (1-2)

A. Review fire behavior in relation to fire prevention

  1. Review the fire tetrahedron and the elements that are necessary to have a fire

  2. Discuss how an element can be eliminated to prevent a fire

  3. Review fuel hazards

      a. Ordinary combustibles such as wood, cloth, and paper

      b. Flammable and combustible gases such as natural gas and propane

      c. Flammable and combustible liquids such as gasoline, oils, lacquers, or alcohol

      d. Chemicals such as nitrates, oxides, or chlorates

      e. Dusts such as grain, wood, metal, or coal

      f. Metals such as magnesium, sodium, or potassium

      g. Plastics, resins, and cellulose

  4. Review heat source hazards

      a. Chemical heat energy

          1) Materials improper stored

          2) Materials reacting with other materials

          3) Materials decomposing

      b. Electrical heat energy

         1) Poorly maintained electrical appliances

         2) Exposed wiring

         3) Lighting

     c. Mechanical heat energy - moving parts on machines

     d. Nuclear heat energy - created by fission

B. Discuss common fire hazards

  1. Children playing with matches or other ignition sources

  2. Smoking when not fully alert mentally

  3. Food left on stove unattended

  4. Poor housekeeping and improper storage of packing materials and other combustibles

  5. Defective or improperly used heating, lighting, or power equipment

  6. Improper disposal of floor cleaning compounds

  7. Misuse of fumigation substances and flammable or combustible liquids

C. Home safety

  1. Keep doors to bedrooms closed during sleeping hours

  2. Have two or more escape exits from every room

  3. Ensure that windows can be easily opened by anyone to indicate his location to someone outside,

      to get fresh air, or for purposes of secondary escape

  4. Train children properly if they are expected to use fire escape ladders

  5. Alert other family members of possible danger if awakened by the smell of smoke

  6. Roll out of bed onto the floor

  7. Stay low because dangerous heated gases may be at the top of the room

  8. Crawl to the door, feel the door, if it is warm, use the window for escape

  9. Establish a meeting place outside the home so that all members can be accounted for after

      escaping. Never go back inside the house once outside

  10. Call the fire department from a cellular telephone or a neighbor's house

D. Fire station tours

  1. Opportunity for public to meet and greet firefighters and see apparatus

  2. Consider having tour guides to assist with groups and answer questions

  3. Have displays, especially ones involving guest participation

  4. Conduct demonstrations

  5. Explain station operations, alarm response procedures, and apparatus use


III. Home Fire Safety Survey (1-3)

A. Introduction

  1. Most fires involving a loss of life occur in the home

  2. Fire departments can provide home fire safety surveys as a public relations tool

  3. Home fire safety surveys provide visibility to the fire department

  4. Home fire safety surveys are not code compliance inspections

B. Firefighter responsibilities

  1. Provide proper identification

  2. Introduce yourself and the purpose of your visit

  3. Maintain a courteous attitude at all times

  4. Request permission to conduct the survey