Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters Session Reference: 1 Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Variety of Fire Prevention Literature References:    • Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, Chapter 19...

  5. Remember that the primary interest is to prevent a fire

  6. Compliment when favorable conditions are found

  7. Do not order that corrections must be made when hazards are found

  8. Make constructive comments regarding the elimination of hazardous conditions

  9. Survey the basement, attic, utility room, storage rooms, kitchen, and garage

  10. Keep the survey confidential

  11. Thank the owners or occupants for the invitation into their home

C. Conducting the survey

  1. Be alert for signs of the most common causes of fires

      a. Heating appliances

      b. Cooking procedures

      c. Smoking materials

      d. Electrical distribution

      e. Electrical appliances

      f. Combustible or flammable liquids

  2. Interior survey concerns

      a. Combustible materials

          1) Stored properly

          2) Proximity to registers or heating appliances

      b. Appliances

          1) Proper operation

          2) Maintenance

          3) Condition

     c. Electrical wiring and equipment

          1) Old, frayed, or exposed wiring

          2) Improperly installed electrical conductors

          3) Unprotected light bulbs

          4) Improperly maintained equipment

     d. Portable heating units

         1) Listed with testing laboratory

         2) Adequately spaced from combustible furniture

     e. Woodstoves or fireplaces

         1) Properly installed

         2) Clear of combustibles

         3) Vent pipe in good condition

         4) Chimney cleaned and maintained

     f. Heating fuel

         1) Where stored

         2) Proper ash disposal procedure

    g. General housekeeping practices

         1) Ash trays for smoking materials

         2) Matches and lighters out of reach of children

         3) Open flame used safely

        4) Exhaust vents and dryer vents cleaned regularly

    h. Smoke detectors

        1) Installed

        2) Tested on regular basis for responsive to smoke and battery operation

    i. Electrical distribution panels

       1) Circuit protection

       2) Clearance

    j. Gas appliances

        1) Improper clearance to combustible materials

        2) Automatic gas control safety devices

        3) Condition of vents

        4) Possible gas leaks

    k. Oil burning installations

        1) Annual service records

        2) Condition of oil burners, chimney pipes, supply tanks, and piping

    l. Furnaces, hot water heaters, and vent pipes

       1) Properly installed

       2) Clear of combustibles

       3) Vent pipe in good condition

       4) Hot water temperature set to prevent injury

    m. Shop or work rooms

       1) Good housekeeping

       2) Safe and orderly storage of materials

    n. Accumulated waste - note stacks of paper, discarded furniture, old rags, and improperly stored


    o. Flammable liquids

        1) Flammable sprays, chemicals, and other dangerous solutions properly

        2) Out of reach of children

  3. Outside survey concerns

      a. Roof

         1) Condition

         2) Composition material instead of wood shingles or shakes

      b. Chimneys and spark arrestors

         1) Condition of chimneys

         2) Condition of spark arrestors

      c. Yard and porch areas

         1) Unkempt vegetation

         2) Items stored under porches

      d. Barbecues and fuel

         1) How used

         2) Fuel stored properly

      e. Outside waste burners

         1) Discourage use

         2) Conform to local restrictions

     f. Garages, sheds, barns, and outbuildings

         1) Storage of dangerous chemicals and other substances

         2) Old paint cans, turpentine, and similar liquids stored properly