Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters Session Reference: 1 Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Variety of Fire Prevention Literature References:    • Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, Chapter 19...

    g. Flammable liquids and gases

         1) Flammable liquids stored in safetytype cans and in outside storage areas

         2) Flammable liquids not used for cleaning or other purposes

    h. Lightning protection- system components tested periodically

    i. Security devices - may hamper ingress and egress


IV. Fire Survival (1-4)

A. Stop, drop, and roll

  1. Why

       a. If clothes are fire, best way to put fire out

       b. Keep person from getting burned

       c. Can save victim's life

  2. How

       a. Stop in place

           1) Running fans fire and can make it bigger

           2) Longer in contact with fire, more damage done

       b. Cover face with hands and drop to ground

       c. Roll over until fire out

           1) Roll in each direction several times

           2) Keep face covered with hands

           3) Keep rolling until fire out

B. Exit drill in the home

  1. Planning

      a. Have two ways out of every room

          1) Doors

          2) Windows

          3) Escape ladder for upper levels

          4) Porch roofs or balconies

          5) Make arrangements for those needing assistance (small children and elderly)

     b. Have a meeting place and make sure that everyone knows it

     c. Practice

         1) Everyone should practice

         2) Concentrate on rooms most used

         3) Practice more than one way out

         4) Assisting others

  2. Crawl low and go

      a. Why

           1) Hot smoke and gases rise to upper levels, cleaner and cooler air down low

           2) Better visibility below smoke layering

      b. How

           1) Roll or slide out of bed and onto floor

           2) Crawl on hands and knees to stay low

           3) Don't hide in closets or bathrooms, under furniture, or behind furniture

           4) Escape using planned escape route and assemble at planned meeting place

  3. Check door before opening

       a. Use back of hand to check for heat

       b. Start at bottom of door and move upward

       c. If door is warm and gets hotter as hand is moved higher, don't open door

       d. Use secondary escape route

  4. Signal for help

      a. Use blanket, sheet, or towel

      b. Open window, hang half of blanket, sheet, or towel out window, and close window

      c. Stay near window

C. Smoke detectors

  1. Why purchase - early warning device to alert occupants in case of fire

  2. Types of smoke detectors

      a. Ionization

          1) Smoke particles block electrical current

          2) Responds faster to open flame

          3) Radiation source not a hazard

      b. Photoelectric

          1) Light shines into sensing chamber

          2) Smoke enters chamber and deflects light

          3) Responds faster to smoldering fires

  3. Power sources

       a. Battery

            1) Easy to install

            2) Batteries must be changed regularly

       b. Electric (hard wire)

           1) No battery change required

           2) Will not work when power out

           3) Installed by electrician

     c. Electric with battery backup

           1) Most reliable

           2) Batteries must be changed regularly

           3) Installed by electrician

           4) Can be interconnected so that all detectors alarm when one detects smoke

  4. Installation

      a. At least one every level of house

           1) Mounted on ceiling near center of room

           2) Mounted on wall, 6 to 12 inches from ceiling

      b. In or near every sleeping area

           1) Optimal is one in every sleeping area

           2) At least one outside each sleeping area