Coordinated Fire Attack

Coordinated Fire Attack Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    · Transparencies (To be created by user)    · Overhead Projector    · Screen References:    · Engine Company Fireground Operations, Second...


Coordinated Fire Attack

Time Required: Two Hours

Materials:

   · Transparencies (To be created by user)

   · Overhead Projector

   · Screen

References:

   · Engine Company Fireground Operations, Second Edition, Harold Richman, NFPA

   · Truck Company Fireground Operations, Second Edition, Harold Richman, NFPA

   · Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, IFSTA

PREPARATION:

Motivation:

Objective (SPO): 1-1

The firefighter will demonstrate a working knowledge of the importance of a coordinated fire attack and the various activities that can take place simultaneously as part of that coordinated attack, from memory, without assistance, to a written test accuracy of 70%.

Overview:

   · Coordinated Fire Attack

   · Overview of Fire Attack

   · Rescue Activities

   · Exposure Protection Activities

   · Fire Confinement Activities

   · Fire Extinguishment Activities

   · Overhaul Activities

   · Ventilation Activities

   · Property Conservation Activities

   · Coordinated Fire Attack

 

Coordinated Fire Attack

SPO 1-1 The firefighter will demonstrate a working knowledge of the importance of a coordinated fire attack and the various activities that can take place simultaneously as part of that coordinated attack, from memory, without assistance, to a written test accuracy of 70%.

EO 1-1 Describe the basic fireground objectives.

EO 1-2 Describe how rescue activities are supported during fire attack.

EO 1-3 Describe how exposure protection activities are supported during fire attack.

EO 1-4 Describe how fire confinement activities are supported during fire attack.

EO 1-5 Describe how fire extinguishment activities are conducted as part of the fire attack.

EO 1-6 Describe how overhaul activities are conducted as part of fire attack.

EO 1-7 Describe how ventilation activities are conducted in support of fire attack.

EO 1-8 Describe how property conservation activities are conducted in conjunction with fire attack.

EO 1-9 Describe the simultaneous activities that take place as part of a coordinated fire attack.

This drill is intended to be conducted as an interactive discussion with everyone encouraged to participate. the discussion also provides an opportunity to think about other actions that may need to take place or are taking place on the scene that may affect what they are doing. Coordination of various fireground activities will provide a safer work environment for firefighters and reduce potential harm to victims.

I. Overview of Fire Attack (1-1)

A. Fireground objectives must be considered in a specific sequence

  1. Rescue

  2. Protect Exposures

  3. Confine the Fire

  4. Extinguish the Fire

  5. Overhaul

  6. Ventilation and property conservation must be considered as part of any other activity

B. While all objectives may not be required at every incident, they should be considered

C. Various objectives can take place at the same time

D. Objectives may be carried out by different companies since one company cannot be expected to be responsible for every activity

 

II. Rescue Activities (1-2)

A. Immediate rescue without coordinated fire attack should be attempted only in extreme cases

B. Engine companies can aid rescue by placing protective streams between victims and fire

C. Water essential to search and rescue operations

  1. Separate fire from people closest to it

  2. Control interior stairways and corridors for evacuating occupants and advancing firefighters

  3. Protect firefighters searching above and around fire

D. Primary function during rescue is to contain fire and keep it from jeopardizing anyone in fire building

 

III. Exposure Protection Activities (1-3)

A. Fire travel affects possible exposures and can cause fire to extend to other areas

  1. Convection - travel of heat through motion of heated matter

      a. Smoke

      b. Hot air

      c. Heated gases

      d. Flying embers

      e. Fire travel by convection presents greatest fire fighting problem

      f. Smoke moves vertically and horizontally - mushrooming

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