Coordinated Fire Attack

Coordinated Fire Attack Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    · Transparencies (To be created by user)    · Overhead Projector    · Screen References:    · Engine Company Fireground Operations, Second...


A. Water to attack the fire can cause unnecessary damage due to excessive water application

B. Unnecessary entry can cause unnecessary damage

C. Prompt removal of smoke, heat, and water contributes to damage reduction

D. Salvage or property conservation is reducing the damage not directly related to the fire

E. Salvage is not just the placement of covers or the removal of water and smoke but the use of common sense throughout the operation

 

IX. Coordinated Fire Attack (1-9)

A. Staffing single most important part of engine company

  1. 29 CFR 1910.134(e) (OSHA Regulation) (Two-in/two-out rule)

       a. At least two firefighters enter the IDLH atmosphere and remain in visual or voice contact with

          one another at all times

       b. At least two other firefighters are located outside the IDLH atmosphere to be able to assist

           personnel in case of emergency

       c. Lack of additional personnel is not meant to preclude firefighters from performing emergency

           rescue activities before an entire team has assembled

  2. Failure to consider safety could be negligent on part of leadership of department

B. Size-up is defined as the sequence of thoughts and mental activity carried out by the individual-incharge

  1. Begins upon receipt of alarm and continues until the operation is successfully concluded

  2. Process may be carried out many times and by many different individuals during fire

  3. Responsibility initially lies with individual-incharge of first company on scene

  4. As other units arrive with persons of higher rank or jurisdiction, responsibility is passed up chain of

      command

  5. Proper size-up will result in the safe, timely, and efficient control of an emergency situation

  6. Care must be exercised to insure that the total problem is evaluated

  7. Size-up must be a dynamic process, continuing throughout all phases of the operation.

C. Officer in charge of first arriving apparatus must first consider the rescue problem and determine if such a condition exists

  1. Should conditions indicate potential rescue situation, any activities undertaken should be directed

      toward relieving the rescue problems

  2. This entails number of considerations

      a. All resources and activities should be directed toward accomplishing the actual rescue problem

      b. Nothing done by way of an attack effort should interfere with or restrict rescue operations

      c. Allocation of tools and equipment should favor those involved in the rescue effort

      d. Ventilation, point of entry, and the placement of hose lines should be aimed toward protecting

          those in immediate danger and the crews involved in the rescue effort

  3. Possible that hose lines will be used to support rescue with no attempt to extinguish or even confine

      fire

  4. Time is critical, each minute of continued exposure of victim reduces chances for safe rescue

  5. Life safety is first and primary consideration in all fireground activities

D. Once necessary details of rescue have been considered, or when no rescue problem exists, officer in charge should next direct thoughts and efforts toward confining fire to as small an area as possible

  1. First concern must be for the adjacent exposures to which fire can spread

  2. Attack must be toward cutting off route of fire travel to uninvolved exposures

  3. If first effort isn't put toward checking fire spread, and is applied to the heart of the fire, neglected

      edges of fire may spread to involved more areas and materials and result in fire of much greater

      magnitude than first faced

  4. First route of extension of fire will be in an upward direction (vertical)

       a. If upward extension is prevented by lack of fuel, natural barriers, or other reasons, it will then

           attempt to spread outward (horizontally)

      b. If both of the preceding avenues are restricted, the fire will spread downward