Attack Lines

COURSE: FIREFIGHTER PRE-BASIC SESSION REFERENCE: 6 TOPIC: ATTACK LINES TIME REQUIRED: THREE HOURS MATERIALS: ONE FULLY EQUIPPED PUMPER STRUCTURE FOR USE IN ADVANCING HOSE REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FOURTH EDITION...


      e. Turn around and pull the exposed ear so that the remaining hose is removed from the hosebed

      f. Walk toward the structure while allowing the hose on the ground to stretch out

      g. Once the hose on the ground has been stretched out, the hose on the shoulder will start

         stretching out

     h. Hose remaining on the shoulder should be placed near the entrance to the structure and flaked

        out to avoid any kinking in the hose

B. Advancing Attack Lines into a Structure

  1. After line has been charged, open nozzle to bleed air and check nozzle pattern

  2. All personnel on the hoseline should be on the same side of the hose

  3. Check door to see if it is hot before opening

  4. For doors that open in, stay to the side of the door to prevent fire blowing out the door and

      exposing the firefighters (may want to consider putting a short piece of rope on the doorknob in

      case there is a need to pull the door closed)

  5. For doors that open out, stay behind the door

  6. Once the door is open, move in slowing making sure that the floor is strong enough to support the

      firefighters

  7. Stay low to improve visibility and reduce exposure to heat and gases

  8. Feel the walls and floor and check the ceiling periodically to make sure there is no fire above,

      below, or beside the firefighters as they move into the structure

  9. Attack the fire as described in the next section

  10. Personnel should monitor the attack crew to make sure that they have enough hose to reach the

        fire; this may require some personnel to drop back to assist in moving hose through doors and

        around corners

C. Advancing an Attack Line Up a Stairway

  1. Once inside the structure and locating an up stairway, move slowly up the stairway taking care to

      monitor any fire that may be under the stairway

  2. Feel the stairs while proceeding to make sure that they will support the weight of the firefighters

  3. Once at the top of the stairs proceed with advancing the hoseline

  4. Attack the fire as described in the next section

D. Advancing an Attack Line Down a Stairway

  1. Once inside the structure and locating a down stairway, move slowly down the stairway taking care

      to monitor any fire that may be under the stairway

  2. Feel the stairs while proceeding to make sure that they will support the weight of the firefighters

  3. Monitor the heat level while proceeding down the stairs in the event that the heat level is reaching

      the point of flashing in the lower level and sending that heat up the stairs

  4. Once at the bottom of the stairs proceed with advancing the hoseline

  5. Attack the fire as described in the next section

E. Advancing an Uncharged Line up a Ladder

  1. Place the needed hose at the base of the ladder

  2. The first firefighter ascending the ladder will take the nozzle

  3. The hoseline is placed under the left or right arm, depending on the side of the ladder being exited

      (hose should be on the same side)

  4. The hoseline crosses the chest with the nozzle draped over the opposite shoulder

  5. The next firefighter will be approximately 15 feet behind the first firefighter with approximately 25

      feet of hose between the two firefighters

  6. The excess hose will be draped over the side of the ladder on which the firefighters will exit

  7. Additional firefighters will be positioned on the ladder as needed every 15 feet with 25 feet of hose

      between them

  8. Once the first firefighter reaches the top of the ladder, they will enter the opening or roof with the

      hoseline

  9. The second firefighter will proceed to the top of the ladder, take a leg lock, advance any additional

      hose that is needed, and them proceed to assist the first firefighter

  10. Other firefighters will take leg locks on the ladder and hand advance hose

  11. Once adequate hose has been advanced, the other firefighters on the ladder will exit and the line

        will be charged