EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1 Level of Instruction: Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Audio-visual equipment to project any visuals    • 2000 Emergency...


      a. Signs and symptoms may not be present upon arrival - delayed reaction

      b. Potential for secondary release/device

 

II. Recognition and Identification (1-2)

Review the various means of recognizing and identifying the presence of a hazardous material

A. Containers

  1. Shape and type

      a. Tank - truck, train, fixed facility

      b. Cylinder

      c. Drum

      d. Bag

      e. Box

  2. Material used

     a. Metal - aluminum or steel

     b. Glass

     c. Paper or cardboard

     d. Plastic

B. Markings

  1. Placards - rail and road transportation only

      a. Placards requirement on any quantity of poison gas, poison, explosives 1.1, explosives 1.2,

          explosives 1.3, radioactives, and dangerous when wet products being transported

      b. Placards only required for 1,000 lbs. or more of other products being transported

  2. Labels - on packages or containers

  3. Signage, stenciling

  4. Color coding - not always reliable indicator

  5. No marking requirement for fixed facilities

C. Occupancy

  1. Known locations

  2. Processes or activities

D. Senses

  1. Sight - effects on

      a. Humans

      b. Animals

      c. Plants

      d. Form of material - solid, liquid, gas

      e. Container damaged or stressed

      f. Clouds

      g. Runoff

  2. Sound

      a. Product being released under pressure

      b. Relief valve operating

  3. Smell - should not use to detect hazmat presence

E. Information from Others

  1. Shipping papers

  2. Occupant/bystander information

  3. Dispatch information

 

III. Emergency Response Guidebook (1-3)

A. ERG Introduction

  1. First produced in 1980

  2. Updated every 3-4 years

  3. First North American ERG produced in 1996 - joint effort with Canada and Mexico

  4. Produced by the U. S. Department of Transportation

      a. Information applicable to hazardous materials in transport

      b. Produced as the result of an explosion at a construction site in Kansas City that killed several

          firefighters

      c. Designed to provide general information during the first 30 minutes of the incident

B. ERG Outline

            NOTE: Have the students walk through the guidebook as you discuss each segment

  1. Inside Cover

      a. Important Shipping Paper Items

      b. Placard Example

  2. Basic guidelines

      a. Resist rushing in

      b. Approach from upwind

      c. Stay clear of spills, vapors, fumes, smoke

  3. Using guide for dangerous goods

      a. Identify material

            (1) Four-digit ID number on placard

            (2) Four-digit number on package or shipping documents

            (3) Product name on shipping document, package, or placard

      b. Look up three-digit guide

C. Using the ERG

  1. White pages

      a. Safety precautions (page 6)

      b. Placard charts (pages 15-17)

      c. Rail/road identifications (pages 18-19)

      d. Protective clothing (pages 364-365)

      e. Chemical/biological agents (pages 368- 370)

  2. Yellow-bordered pages

       a. Numerical list

       b. Highlighted products - indicates special isolation and evacuation information

       c. Multiple products, same ID number

  3. Blue bordered pages

       a. Alphabetical list

       b. Highlighted products - indicates special isolation and evacuation information

       c. Correct spelling of product names - different products may have similar spellings but totally

          different reactions

  4. Orange bordered pages - guides 111-172

       a. Potential hazards

           (1) Health

           (2) Fire/explosion

      b. Public safety

          (1) Protective clothing

          (2) Evacuation

      c. Emergency response

          (1) Fire

          (2) Spill or leak

          (3) First aid

  5. Green bordered pages

      a. Isolation distances

      b. Numeric order