EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1 Level of Instruction: Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Audio-visual equipment to project any visuals    • 2000 Emergency...

      c. Small spill/large spill

      d. Day/night

      e. Water reactive products

D. Exercises - have students look up information and share what they have found in the guide pages

  1. Using yellow pages/orange pages/green pages

      a. 1001 - acetylene, 116

      b. 1005 - anhydrous ammonia, 125

      c. 1013 - carbon dioxide,120

      d. 1017 - chlorine, 124

      e. 1072 - oxygen, 122

      f. 1075 - LPG, 115

      g. 1203 - gasoline, 128

      h. 1993 - diesel fuel, 128

  2. Using blue pages/orange pagers/green pages

      a. Ammonium nitrate, 2071, 140

      b. Hypochlorite solution, 1791, 154

      c. Ethyl alcohol, 1170, 127

     d. Trinitrotoluene, 1356, 113

     e. Sulfuric acid, 1830, 137

     f. Hydrogen peroxide, 2015, 143

     g. Isopropyl alcohol, 1219, 129

     h. Carbon monoxide, 1016, 119


IV. Roles and Responsibilities (1-4)

A. First on Scene

  1. Review potential causes of harm

      a. Thermal

            (1) Flame contact

             (2) Hot or cold exposure

      b. Radiation

      c. Asphyxiation

             (1) Oxygen deficient environment

             (2) Products that displace oxygen

      d. Chemical

             (1) Burns

             (2) Reactions

      e. Etiological

      f. Mechanical

            (1) Projectiles

            (2) Sharp edges

            (3) Unstable containers

  2. May be willing to take risk and make quick rescue if required

  3. Control access to scene and prevent entry

      a. Keep all personnel a safe distance from the hazard and do not permit any operations to take

          place which are beyond capabilities (training and equipment)

      b. Maintain control over all emergency responders and civilians

  4. Attempt to identify the product(s)

      a. Identification numbers

      b. Shipping papers

      c. Placards, labels, or other markings

      d. Container types or shape

      e. Type of occupancy

      f. Knowledgeable individual(s)

      g. Pre-incident information

  5. Make necessary notifications

      a. Fire department

      b. Law enforcement

      c. Hazardous materials response personnel

      d. Public works

      e. Water and sewer - runoff

  6. Establish operational zones

      a. Hot Zone

             (1) Area near release

             (2) Perimeter determined initial isolation distances in Emergency Response Guidebook. May

                  also be determined or adjusted by detecting presence of product using detection devices

             (3) May require specialized clothing and training

                        (a) Level A - vapor and splash protection with SCBA

                        (b) Level B - splash protection with SCBA

                        (c) Level C - splash protection with filter respirator

                        (d) Level D - work clothing

              (4) Only entry personnel permitted

              (5) Size and shape of zone can change with ambient temperature, wind, and hazard

      b. Warm Zone

              (1) Area next hot zone

              (2) Area used for contamination reduction - size dependent on space needed

              (3) May require specialized clothing – one level below clothing worn in hot zone

              (4) Decontamination and backup personnel only permitted

      c. Cold Zone

              (1) Outside warm zone

              (2) Area used for staging, incident command, medical support, and apparatus

              (3) No special clothing required

B. Part of the Initial Response

  1. Remain in the cold zone

  2. Be prepared to receive patients