EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1 Level of Instruction: Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Audio-visual equipment to project any visuals    • 2000 Emergency...

       a. Decontamination may be limited to emergency measures such as washing down with booster

           line and/or clothing removal

        b. If decontamination is in place and being operated, patients should be decontaminated prior to


  3. Take necessary measures to reduce contamination to personnel, equipment, and vehicle

        a. Place victim in contamination control environment (body bag)

        b. Provide personnel with necessary personal protective clothing based on universal precautions

        c. May require removal of equipment and supplies not needed at that time

C. Operating with a hazardous materials team

  1. Process personnel through medical evaluation - generally required for anyone donning chemical

      protective clothing

  2. Process personnel through medical evaluation upon completion of assigned decontamination duties

  3. Prepare to receive decontaminated victims

  4. Prepare to receive injured or exposed team members after emergency decontamination

  5. Isolation of victim until transported or evaluated and released

  6. May require isolation at treatment facility

At this time, you may want to review the following emergency care skills that may be needed on the scene of a hazardous materials emergency:

  1. Burn treatment for thermal or chemical burns

  2. Frostbite treatment for exposure to cold products

  3. Respiratory therapy for products that have been inhaled or absorbed

  4. Poison treatment for products that may have been ingested

  5. Signs and symptoms for exposure to chemical or biological exposure

  6. Treatment for lacerations and punctures from projectiles or sharp edges

You may also want to review the protective clothing that is available to your EMS providers, the protection it offers, and how and when it should be used. If self-contained breathing apparatus are carried on your ambulance or available to your EMS providers, you may want to review the operation of those units. A separate training exercise should be conducted to provide time for everyone to demonstrate their knowledge and skills with the SCBA.



EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

   • Relationships

   • Recognition and Identification

   • Emergency Response Guidebook

   • Roles and Responsibilities


Remember, one of the first things that is addressed in emergency care training is to make sure that the scene is safe so that you do not become a victim. Look as you approach the scene and look at the whole scene as you get closer. Focusing on the patient rather than scene safety can have temporary or permanent results.