Bloodborne Pathogens Refresher

PREPARATION: MOTIVATION: OBJECTIVE (SPO): 1-1 The individual will demonstrate the basic knowledge required to recognize the presence of bloodborne pathogens and the precautions that can be taken to protect against them, from memory, without...


  D. Record keeping

      1. The employer shall establish and maintain an accurate record for each employee with

          occupational exposure

      2. The record shall consist of

            a. Name and social security number of the employee

            b. A copy of the employee's hepatitis B vaccination status including dates of all the hepatitis B

                vaccinations and any medical records relative to the employee's ability to receive vaccination

            c. A copy of all results of examinations, medical testing, and follow-up procedures

           d. The employer's copy of the health care professional's written opinion

           e. A copy of the information provided to the health care professional

      3. The employer shall ensure that employee medical records are kept confidential and not disclosed

          or reported without the employee's express written consent to any person within or outside the

          workplace except as required by 29 CFR 1910.1030 or as may be required by law

      4. Training records shall include the following information

          a. Dates of the training sessions

          b. Contents or a summary of the training sessions

          c. Names and qualifications of persons conducting the training

          d. Names and job titles of all persons attending the training sessions

          e. Training records shall be maintained for 3 years from the date on which the training occurred



  A. Disease Transmission

      1. Disease transmission is a two-way street

            a. You can infect a person with whom you come in contact

            b. The person you come in contact with can infect you

      2. A pathogen is a disease-producing organism that enters the body, i.e., a germ

      3. The immune system relies heavily on the skin to keep the level of pathogens entering the body to

          a minimum

      4. Most infectious diseases are caused by one of six types of pathogens

            a. Viruses which include hepatitis, measles, mumps, chicken pox, meningitis, rubella, influenza,

                 warts, colds, herpes, shingles, HIV infection (including AIDS), and genital warts

            b. Bacteria which includes tetanus, meningitis, scarlet fever, strep throat, tuberculosis,

                gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, toxic shock syndrome, Legionnaires' disease, diphtheria, and

                food poisoning

           c. Fungi which includes Athlete's foot and ringworm

           d. Protozoa which includes malaria and dysentery

           e. Rickettsia which includes typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever

           f. Parasitic Worms which includes abdominal pain, anemia, lymphatic vessel blockage, lowered

              anti-body response, respiratory, and circulatory complications

      5. For a disease to be transmitted, all of the following conditions must be met

           a. Pathogen must be present

           b. Pathogen must be of sufficient quantity to cause disease

           c. Person must be susceptible to the specific pathogen

          d. Pathogen must enter the body through the correct entry site

      6. Means by which a pathogen can enter the body

          a. Direct contact - contact with solid or liquid blood

          b. Indirect contact - contact with an object that has been contaminated (do not assume that the

              blood or fluid is harmless if it is dry)

          c. Airborne - tiny droplets sprayed during breathing, coughing, or sneezing

  B. Disease Concerns

      1. Some diseases can have serious results