Bloodborne Pathogens Refresher

PREPARATION: MOTIVATION: OBJECTIVE (SPO): 1-1 The individual will demonstrate the basic knowledge required to recognize the presence of bloodborne pathogens and the precautions that can be taken to protect against them, from memory, without...

              blood or other body fluids during procedures such as suctioning

          3. Eye wear - may be needed when there is a potential for exposure to splashing blood or other

              body fluids during procedures such as suctioning

          4. Gowns

                        NOTE: While emergency care providers are trained in the universal precautions as part

                                     of their emergency care training, firefighters who may be assisting with vehicle

                                     extrication or patient movement may not be aware of the dangers of being

                                     exposed to blood or other body fluids. Consideration should be given to

                                     wearing disposable gloves under regular firefighting gloves for protection.

                                     Remember that leather gloves and firefighter protective clothing can absorb

                                     blood and body fluids and become contaminated.

  B. Other Precautions

      1. Use extreme caution around sharp, blood-covered objects such as knives, scissors, and

           intravenous needles.

       2. Use a pocket mask or other devices to prevent cross infection during direct mouth-to-mouth

           rescue breathing

        3. Ensure that contaminated equipment and supplies are properly decontaminated or disposed of

            as medical waste and not ordinary refuse

        4. Place biohazard warning labels on any container or equipment that has been contaminated or

             areas that contain potentially infectious material

  C. Exposures

        1. May include contact with potentially infectious blood or other body fluids through needle sticks,

            broken skin, or membranes of the eyes, nose, or mouth

        2. Clean the area of contact thoroughly

        3. Document what happened

        4. Notify the supervisor immediately

        5. Secure necessary follow-up care

        6. Follow any post-exposure policies and procedures

  D. Since it is impossible for emergency care providers to identify patients who carry infectious

       diseases just by looking at them, all body fluids must be considered infectious and appropriate

       precautions taken at all times.

  E. Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act Regarding Emergency

      Response Employees

      1. Federal act which applies to all 50 states

      2. Mandates procedures by which emergency response personnel can seek to find out if they have

          been exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases while providing patient care

                 a. Designate an emergency response person in each organization to act as the "designated


                 b. The designated officer is notified when a provider has been exposed to an airborne


                 c. The designated officer may submit a request for a determination as to whether or not a

                     provider has been exposed to bloodborne or other infectious disease


A publication entitled "Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens: Precautions for Emergency Responders" OSHA Publication 3130, is available from the U.S. Department of Labor. You want also want to get a copy of the full text of OSHA regulation 29 CFR 1910.1030. This can be downloaded from the OSHA website (OSHA.GOV).





   * Training Requirements

   * Scene Safety

   * Basic Precautions