Pre-Incident Planning

PREPARATION:Motivation:We cannot be effective or efficient fire fighters if all of our efforts are skill oriented or reactive in nature, which is often compounded by the fact that we place ourselves in hostile environments with little or no visibility and...

III. Steps for conducting Pre-incident Plans (1-3)

A. Getting ready

  1. Check last report, plot plan, fire record

  2. Make appointment - state purpose as information gathering

  3. In large buildings, information gathering may be divided into areas of responsibility

      a. Construction, dimensions, etc...

      b. Utilities and systems

      c. Paths of fire and smoke travel

      d. Hazards

      e. Ventilation, salvage, ingress, egress

B. Approaching building

  1. Circle block of area of building (identify):

      a. Exposures

      b. Hydrant / water locations

      c. Space and obstructions for apparatus placement

C. Exterior inspection

  1. Construction / dimensions

  2. Fire escape / stairway

  3. Sprinkler / standpipe locations and condition

  4. Means of ingress / egress

  5. Obstructions

D. Interview owner / manager / occupant(s)

  1. Explain purpose of visit

  2. Nature of occupancy

  3. Number / location of people

  4. Handicapped

  5. Normal hours building is occupied

  6. Contents

  7. High value and record(s) locations

  8. Special hazards to be aware of

E. Roof inspection

  1. Building layout

  2. Construction

  3. Exposure problems from roof vantage point

      • access / protection needs

  4. Parapet / fire wall locations and condition

      • check fire walls from floor to floor

  5. Methods or means of ventilation

     • natural (skylights, vents, scuttles)

     • forced (positive / negative ventilation)

     - identify tool and equipment needs

F. Interior inspection

  1. Attic

      a. Scuttle / access locations

      b. Construction (note any weakness)

      c. Sub-dividing

  2. Each floor

      a. Sprinklers (full / partial)

             • valve locations / condition

             • head locations / condition / clearance

             • pressure

             • salvage problems / water drain locations

      b. All stairways

             • identify most likely used for exits / entry

             • obstructions / locked doors

             • standpipe location / condition

      c. All vertical and horizontal paths of fire travel

             • poke throughs

             • openings

             • hidden paths

      d. Extinguishing and alarm system

      e. Life hazards

             • heavy machinery

             • baled stock (water absorbent)

             • hazardous materials (types and locations)

             • dangerous processes

             • storage locations

             • pits / open areas

             • drop offs

             • shafts

      f. Probable causes of fire (wiring, processes)

      g. Types of materials stored

      h. Occupants (numbers, location, condition)

            • is there an escape plan?

      i. Utilities (location, condition)

            • gas

            • electric

            • water

            • air system

  3. Basement(s)

      a. Storage

      b. Entry and egress

      c. Ventilation

      d. Special problems

G. Conclusion

  1. Review all information - research anything that may be unfamiliar to you

  2. Estimate and discuss the fire problem(s)

  3. Determine possible strategy and tactics

  4. Review all information with your crew or membership

  5. Put gathered information into a usable form

  6. Share information with other shifts or departments

  7. Update and maintain files

  8. Keep information available for use at emergencies

      a. Pre-incident plan book

      b. On board computers

      c. Dispatch centers



Preparing for and Conducting Pre-Incident Planning

* Purpose of pre-incident planning

* Types and uses of pre-incident plans

* Steps for conducting pre-incident plans