Objective (SPO): 6-1
The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of standard operating procedures as a means of positioning and utilizing apparatus and personnel in a variety of common structural fireground assignments, from memory, without assistance, to a written test accuracy of 70%.
Standard Operating Procedures
· Why Standard Operating Procedures
· Elements of a Standard Operating Procedure
· Work Assignment by Position
· Sample Standard Operating Procedures
Standard Operating Procedures
SPO 1-1 The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of standard operating procedures as a means of positioning and utilizing apparatus and personnel in a variety of common structural fireground assignments, from memory, without assistance, to a written test accuracy of 70%.
EO 1-1 Describe the reasons for and benefits of having standard operating procedures at a structural fire.
EO 1-2 Describe the basic elements of a standard operating procedure for a structural fire.
EO 1-3 Describe the basic work assignments for each position on a piece of apparatus responding to a structural fire.
EO 1-4 Based on sample standard operating procedures develop a standard operating procedure for a structural assignment in your department.
I. Why Standard Operating Procedures (1-1)
A. Standard operating procedures (SOP) are guidelines for use at particular incidents and not rules or
1. Attempt to create generic SOP's for types of incidents such as residential fires rather than for
2. Specific SOP's may have to be developed for target hazards (high life loss potential)
Note: Some departments choose to refer to standard operating procedures as standard operating guidelines because the use of the term "procedures" may imply that they should be followed as prescribed rather than used as a guideline. It is suggested that an opening statement be included in the standard operating procedures to indicate that the document is a guide and not a specific procedure and that it may be adjusted based on individual incidents and circumstances.
B. Benefits of standard operating procedures
1. Reduce need to provide instructions by radio
2. Insure positions and duties are addressed
3. Standardize operations among companies and departments
4. Reduce confusion
5. Designate responsibility for establishment of command and safety
6. Improve accountability of personnel
7. Keep unassigned units uncommitted and ready for future deployment or return to service
C. Initial assignments
1. Response patterns and operating procedures ensure
a. Crew members get into action quickly
b. Most urgent operations begin immediately upon arrival
2. Standard operating procedures should detail parts of fire building to be covered and apparatus
3. Units should announce arrival on scene and location to insure that all positions are covered
II. Elements of a Standard Operating Procedure (1-2)
A. SOP's should be based on order of arrival rather than order of dispatch or specific units
1. Units may be delayed in arriving
2. Units may be committed on another alarm
3. Units may be out-of-service
B. Water supply
1. Deliver water from source to scene
a. Assign responsibility for initial water supply
b. Assign responsibility for sustained water supply
c. Address the need for additional resources to supply water at scene, e.g., tanker shuttle or water
d. Rural operations as well as larger fires may require multiple engines working together
2. Provide for an adequate and continuous water supply through the use of a pressurized system,
static water source, relay operations, or tanker shuttles
C. Coverage of the structure