Standard Operating Procedures

PREPARATION: Motivation: Objective (SPO): 6-1 The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of standard operating procedures as a means of positioning and utilizing apparatus and personnel in a variety of common structural fireground...

    c. Officer-in-charge concerned with getting good position

    d. Remain uncommitted until in position needed

  2. Positioning

    a. Not essential to be positioned directly in front or rear on one- and two-story building

    b. Should not block access to hydrants or protective systems

    c. Allow access to taller buildings

      1) Engine should pull past building when truck and engine coming from same direction

      2) Engine should stop short when truck and engine coming from opposite directions

      3) Width of building and fire conditions may solve positioning problem

      4) May require positioning for elevated streams

      5) Leave room for trucks and/or squads

      6) Positioning should allow viewing as many sides of the building as possible

  3. The first arriving unit at the fire scene will generally be an engine company and the decisions made

      regarding this engine company may set the stage for the entire operation.

  4. Front and rear coverage

    a. Must be provided in standard response procedures

    b. Entire building should be checked as soon as possible

    c. First arriving engine and truck should be assigned front

    d. Second or third arriving engine and second truck to rear

    e. Assignment modified according to situation

    f. Rear assignment does not mean apparatus must be driven to rear; crew must check rear

    g. Through pre-fire inspection and planning, know area for access to rear

  5. Other aspects

    a. Assign interior coverage as part of standard response procedures

    b. Coverage operations must be coordinated

    c. Fire building must be covered front and rear, inside and outside

    d. Provide for the designation of a scene safety officer on working incidents

D. Protection of exposures

  1. Insure that interior and exterior exposures are covered during the initial response

  2. Do not ignore exposures and focus only on the fire

E. Confinement of fire

  1. Provide for primary and secondary attack lines to confine fire

  2. Include a provision for back-up lines or master streams as needed

  3. Attempt to confine the fire to the smallest possible area before extinguishing

F. Extinguishment

  1. Assign responsibility for extinguishment of fire

  2. Address coordination of fire attack with ventilation and salvage activities

  3. Make sure there are adequate numbers and sizes of streams for incident

G. Other Items to Consider

  1. Establishing command and the incident command system

  2. Establishing safety officer on working incidents

  3. Providing an initial situation report

    a. Conditions on arrival

    b. Location of fire - side and quadrant

  4. Establishing level of staging

    a. Level I - approximately one block from scene and uncommitted

    b. Level II - staging area on multiple alarm incidents

  5. Providing progress reports at regular intervals

  6. Maintaining accountability and conducting periodic personnel accountability reports

  7. Establishing rescue teams

  8. Preparing contingency plans should incident escalate

  9. Consider frequent rotation of personnel in hot or cold weather or during incidents or extended


 10. Establishing a rehab area


III. Work Assignment by Position (1-3)

A. Work assignments based on a crew of four for illustration purposes.

Note: In order to comply with 29 CFR 1910.134 (two-in/two-out rule), no company should begin interior operations unless there is a rescue team (rapid intervention team) in place unless there is a known rescue.

  1. As part of pre-fire planning, personnel should be assigned tools

  2. Tool assignments should be based on tool location and riding position

B. First engine company

  1. Driver

    a. Drive and operate apparatus

    b. Position apparatus at scene

    c. Break supply line and connect to pump panel

    d. Facilitate communications with crew

    e. Monitor or assist in establish water supply for fire protection systems (standpipe and sprinkler


  2. Officer