Standard Operating Procedures

PREPARATION: Motivation: Objective (SPO): 6-1 The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of standard operating procedures as a means of positioning and utilizing apparatus and personnel in a variety of common structural fireground...

    a. Normally take a position on Side 1 (front) to ladder the building, effect any obvious rescues.

    b. Initiate search and rescue

    c. Initiate forcible entry if needed

    d. Raise ladders

    e. Provide interior and exterior lighting

    f. Perform ventilation

    g. Control utilities

  6. Second arriving truck company

    a. Positioned on Side 3 (rear) of the fire building, effect obvious rescue, and then report to the area

        above the fire to carry out normal truck company duties.

    b. Assist with search and rescue

    c. Assist with forcible entry if needed

    d. Raise ladders

    e. Assist with interior and exterior lighting

    f. Assist with natural and mechanical ventilation

    g. Assist utility control

  7. Squad (dispatched in addition to a truck or squad) - As necessary to perform search and rescue


  8. First arriving ambulance

    a. Set up an aid station on the floor below the fire (unless the fire is located on the ground floor

        without obstructing fire fighting operations unnecessarily).

    b. Establish and operate interior rehab

  9. Other ambulances

    a. Establish an aid station at Side 1 (front) of the fire building. Park vehicle a distance from building

        so as not be impede incoming apparatus. It should also be positioned in such a manner as to allow

        a path of exit if required.

    b. Establish and operate exterior rehab

  10. Other Trucks or Squads – Remain uncommitted

E. Develop a Standard Operating Procedure

Divide class up into teams of no more than four and have them evaluate a type of structure in their response area. They should develop an SOP for a first alarm response for that structure considering the three items listed below. The groups should be allowed 30 minutes to develop their operations.

  1. Protection of exposures

  2. Confining fire

  3. Extinguishing fire

If some variety is desired, SOPs can also be developed for rescue incidents involving potential multiple victims.




Standard Operating Procedures

· Why Standard Operating Procedures

· Elements of a Standard Operating Procedure

· Work Assignment by Position

· Sample Standard Operating Procedures


Standard operating procedures can improve the efficiency and effectiveness with which a department can provide service at the scene. They should be developed, reviewed periodically, updated as needed, and practices with other departments.