Following the horrific loss of firefighters in South Carolina, we must focus our attention on reducing the likelihood of another such event.
It seems in the fire service change is always associated with an event and is forced upon us. Take a look at the similarity between fire codes and your department's SOPS. If you have been around your fire department long enough, you can put a name or an event on almost every written policy or procedure! Look at how our fire codes have evolved from notable fire events such as the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, Beverly Hills Supper Club and the night club tragedy in Rhode Island. We never tend to take a proactive approach, but wait until something happens that forces either a fire department or elected officials to react.
Following the horrific loss of nine firefighters in South Carolina during the week of our "Safety Stand Down" we must focus our attention on reducing the likelihood of another event by taking a pro-active approach to firefighter safety.
It is commendable that the leaders in the fire service sponsored the third International Fire and EMS Safety Stand Down. The theme "Ready to Respond", focused on training and preparation before the call. One of the most effective preventative safety measures to take before the call is commonly overlooked by fire departments. The solution to firefighter safety before the call is simple. Just do the math...Sprinklers = Firefighter Safety.
As a fire service we tend to view sprinklers as protection for the building and the occupants. Sprinklers will not put firefighters out of business as we frequently hear! They are designed to control the fire until firefighters arrive. Sprinklers allow firefighters to enter a burning structure while the occupants have time to evacuate. A properly designed and installed sprinkler system will significantly reduce the likelihood that a firefighter will be caught in a flashover or a building collapse.
Shortly after the tragic fire in South Carolina another similar furniture store fire occurred in Ormond Beach, FL with a different outcome. When the Ormond Beach firefighters arrived at the furniture store, a sprinkler had activated and was controlling the fire until final extinguishment could be completed by the fire department. There were no injuries, no firefighter fatalities or extensive media coverage. The business will re-open in a few days.
During the stand down week, did you ask "Is our fire sprinkler requirements adequate for our firefighters and citizens we protect?" Part of preparation before the call entails a risk analysis of existing buildings. Do not overlook sprinkler requirements for existing occupancies. We need to eliminate the "grandfather clause" saying and the practice of continuing to just accept buildings in our response district that present a hazard to firefighters.
Do you have large industrial buildings, hazardous storage facilities or high rise buildings without sprinklers? Understandably a retrofit ordinance can be costly and difficult for the elected officials to overcome the political influence of passing such ordinance. However, as a fire service we are lacking a coordinated effort to ease this burden. One coordinated preventative method overlooked by the fire service is forcing congress to finally pass the proposed Fire Sprinkler Tax Incentive Legislation Initiative. This pending legislation offers tax incentives for the installation of automatic sprinklers. This would ease the financial burden of retrofitting sprinklers and improve fire fighter safety. Have you or your local union sent your congressman a letter of support of passing this legislation as a means to improve firefighter safety?