Duty And Responsibility To Act Safely

TOPIC: DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT SAFELY TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Essentials of Fire...

  11. Make sure that doors and windows will stay open once opened

  12. Plan the entry before making an opening in a load-bearing masonry wall

  13. Be aware that sudden movement can take place when applying force with power tools

D. Ladder Safety

  1. Choose the proper ladder for the job

  2. Use leg muscles, not back or arm muscles, when lifting ladders below the waist

  3. Use the proper number of firefighters for each raise

  4. Make sure that ladders are not raised into electrical wires

  5. Check the ladder for the proper climbing angle

  6. Check the pawls to be sure that they are seated over the rungs

  7. Make sure that the ladder is secure at the top or the bottom (preferably both) before climbing

  8. Climb smoothly and rhythmically

  9. Do not overload the ladder

  10. Always tie in to ground ladders with a leg locak or ladder belt when working from the ladder

  11. Inspect ladders for damage and wear after each use

E. Ventilation Safety

  1. Observe the wind direction with relation to exposures

  2. Work with the wind at your back or side to provide protection while cutting the roof opening

  3. Note the existence of obstructions or excess weight on the roof when may make operations more

      difficult or reduce the amount of time before a roof fails

  4. Provide a secondary means of escape for crews on the roof

  5. Exercise care in making the opening so that main the structural supports are not cut

  6. Guard any openings to prevent personnel from falling into the building

  7. Evacuate the roof promptly when ventilation work is complete

  8. Use lifelines, roof ladders, or other means to protect personnel from sliding and falling off the roof

  9. Make sure that a roof ladder (if used) is firmly secured over the peak of the roof before operating

      from it

  10. Exercise caution in working around electric wires and guy wires

  11. Caution axe users to beware of overhead obstructions within the range of their axe

  12. Start power tools on the ground to ensure operation but shut them off before hoisting or carrying

        to the roof

  13. Make sure that the angle of the cut is not toward the body

  14. Extend ladders at least five rungs above the roofline and secure the ladder

  15. Check the roof for structural integrity before stepping on it and do not jump onto a roof without

       checking it first

  16. Use pre-incident planning and surveys to identify buildings that have roofs supported by

        lightweight or wooden trusses

  17. Be aware that melting asphalt, “spongy” roof that is normally solid, smoke coming from the roof,

        and fire coming from the roof may be warning signs of an unsafe roof condition; consider using a

        ladder to better distribute weight

  18. Work in groups of at least two, with no more people than absolutely necessary to get the job


  19. Wear eye protection when working with positive pressure ventilation equipment

F. Fire Attack Safety

  1. Make sure all hose connections are secure

  2. Be careful when working around a static water source

  3. Be alert for dangers

      a. Imminent building collapse

      b. Fire that is behind, below, or above the attack team

      c. Kinks or obstructions to the hoseline

      d. Holes, weak stairs, or other fall hazards

      e. Suspended loads on fire-weakened supports

      f. Hazardous or highly flammable commodities likely to spill

      g. Backdraft or flashover conditions

      h. Electrical shock hazards

      i. Overexertion, confusion, or panic by team members

      j. Victims

  3. Make sure that all firefighters are positioned on the same side of the attack line

  4. Stay to the side of door or window to avoid blocking the opening or being in the path of the fire

  5. Feel door by exposing back of wrist by pulling down wristlet

  6. Bleed air out of hoseline before entering the area

  7. Stay low and out of the path of heat and smoke

  8. When possible, advance up stairways before charging the hoseline