Duty And Responsibility To Act Safely

TOPIC: DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT SAFELY TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Essentials of Fire...

  9. Do not allow a charged attack line to pin you against a corner, bend, or turn

  10. A charged attack line in an vision-obscured area poses a falling or tripping hazard

  11. Know what you are descending into before you move into a confined area with thick black

        smoke, zero visibility, and the potential for a flashover

  12. Position firefighters at corners to feed hose and keep it kink-free

  13. Do not descend into a basement area or down stairwells without a charged attack line ready

  14. Use a nozzle pattern that will give appropriate reach and penetration without upsetting the thermal

        balance or producing excessive steam

  15. Use the attack method (direct, indirect, or combination) appropriate for the size of the fire and

        level of heat

  16. Do not allow streams to be directed into openings created for ventilation

  17. If necessary, cool the area before entering to reduce the potential for injury or a flashover

  18. Make sure that you know where everyone in the area is and that no one is in an opening before

        opening the nozzle

  19. Consider venting the area by opening a window just prior to initiating attack

  20. Have a charged hoseline in place and ready for use when overhauling

  21. Continue to use respiratory protection during the overhaul process until it has been determine that

        air in the area is safe without respiratory protection

  22. Do not operate master streams for interior attack when firefighters are operating inside the


  23. Coordinate the fire attack so that attack lines are not advancing from opposing directions

  24. Select the proper size hoseline and nozzle flow rate for the amount of fire being attacked



A. Why are they needed?

  1. Reduces chaos on the scene

  2. All resources can be used in a coordinated effort to rescue victims, stabilize the incident, and

      conserve property

  3. Incorporate safety as a top priority

  4. Provide guidance that can be used on any type of incident including medical emergencies

B. What do they include? Here is an example

  1. All personnel will wear complete protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus

  2. The first unit on the scene assumes command

  3. The first-arriving engine attacks the fire

  4. The second-arriving engine lays a supply line(s) to the first engine

  5. The third arriving engine performs the duties of the rapid intervention team

  6. The first-arriving ladder truck performs necessary forcible entry, search, rescue, and ventilation

C. How do they contribute to personal safety

  1. Complete the incident command system

  2. Improve accountability and reduce the opportunity to freelance

  3. Provide some guidance on the assignment for each responding unit and the personnel on that unit

  4. Provide guidance when it may be necessary stage while the scene is being secured (violent incident)


REVIEW: Look at reports and articles related to firefighter injuries and deaths to identify any lessons that can be learned and incorporated into departmental operating procedures.


   * Regulations and Standards

   * Scene Safety

   * Standard Operating Procedures


REMOTIVATION: Everyone is responsible for safety on the incident scene. Coupled with this is the requirement that everyone operate in a safe manner. Safety begins at the individual level regardless of what policies, procedures, laws, and regulations are in place.