Understanding Fire Research

Most of the improvements in the fire service are based on research which may be the result of incident or series of similar incidents or the need for improvement. Session Reference: Topic: Understanding Fire Research Time Required: 2 Hours...


      • Firefighter line of duty deaths

           • Determine causes of firefighter fatalities

           • Identification of trends and patterns

           • Development of programs to reduce firefighter fatalities

       • Interoperability

            • Importance in multiple jurisdictional responses

            • Must be considered with mutual aide programs

            • Affects every area of the fire service from communications between on-scene

              units to fire hose threads and the ability to connect on a multiple alarm incident

             • Can affect the efficiency of the operation

     • National Incident Management System (NIMS)

            • Extension of the incident management system to non-fire agencies

            • Necessary because of large scale incidents or responses to terrorist incidents

            • Incorporates responses beyond the local fire service or local government

            • Tiered based on the level and complexity of the incident

       • Incident Command System

            • Adapted from West Coast wildland fire management

            • Improves emergency scene accountability and resource management

            • Modular based on the magnitude and complexity of the emergency

            • Necessary element in successfully managing any incident regardless of size and


       • Health and wellness

          • Programs developed based on study of firefighter deaths and injuries as well as

            general industry practices

          • Important element in providing efficient and effective service by personnel being

            prepared physically and mentally to respond

          • Important component in any training program

          • Must be considered on a regular basis to prepare to any incident

          • Important in managing the workers' compensation insurance program by

           reducing the potential for injury

       • Two-in/two-out

            • Required by OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134 (Respiratory Protection)

            • Included in NFPA 1500 (Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health


            • Important element in providing for the safety of fire personnel

            • Must be included in departmental training programs and practiced

            • Not an option when operating in an IDLH (immediately dangerous to life and

              health) environment

            • Requires the dedication of personnel to serve on firefighter rescue teams



II. TESTING AND STANDARDS (EO 1-2) Developed and updated based on research and statistical data

Examples of applicable NFPA standards

       • NFPA 1403, Live Fire Training Evolutions

       • NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program

       • NFPA 1901, Automotive Fire Apparatus

       • NFPA 1911, Service Tests for Fire Pump Systems on Fire Apparatus

        • NFPA 1914, Testing Fire Department Aerial Devices

        • NFPA 1932, Use, Maintenance, and Service Testing of In-Service Fire

          Department Ground Ladders

        • NFPA 1962, Inspection, Care, and Use of Fire Hose, Couplings, and Nozzles, and

          the Service Testing of Fire Hose

        • NFPA 1971, Protective Ensemble for Structural Fire Fighting

        • NFPA 1981, Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus for Fire and

         Emergency Services


Examples of Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations