Understanding Fire Research

Most of the improvements in the fire service are based on research which may be the result of incident or series of similar incidents or the need for improvement. Session Reference: Topic: Understanding Fire Research Time Required: 2 Hours...


       • 29 CFR 1910.134 (Respiratory Protection) - annual respiratory protection

         equipment training, annual facepiece fitness test, and two-in/two-out requirement

       • 29 CFR 1910.120 (Hazardous Waste and Emergency Response) - emergency

         response to hazardous materials incidents including incident management system,

         training, and incident action plan

      • 29 CFR 1910.1200 (Hazard Communications) - communication of potential

        hazardous in a work area such as the presence of hazardous materials

       • 29 CFR 1910.1030 (Bloodborne Pathogens) - infectious disease control program

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Other testing and standards-making organizations that conduct or utilize research and contribute to firefighter safety and health

      • Underwriters Laboratories involvement

            • Testing and evaluation of products

            • Considered a neutral third party for manufacturers

            • Nationally recognized

      • American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

            • Develops standards for certain industrial equipment

            • Standards apply to head protection and foot protection used in the fire service

            • Standards may be referenced by NFPA

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III. LESSONS LEARNED (EO 1-3)

Firefighter fatality study

       • Designed to identify causes of firefighter fatalities so that measures can be taken to

         reduce future fatalities

       • May address contributing factors that lead to the death as well as the cause of the

         death itself (lifestyle, family history, etc.)

       • Important element in reducing firefighter deaths

       • More information available at www.usfa.fema.gov/fatalities

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Firefighter close calls

      • Monthly feature of Firehouse Magazine

      • Opportunity to learn from others

      • Designed to improve safety awareness

      • Departments should be willing to share information in the interest of preventing

        similar occurrences elsewhere

      • More information at www.FirefighterCloseCalls.com

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Near miss initiative

       • New initiative the International Association of Fire Chiefs

       • Designed to call attention to actions that could have resulted in a mishap but did

         not

       • Intended to document near-misses in addition to close calls, and deaths and

        injuries

      • Designed to improve safety awareness

      • Should include the widest area of participation to achieve maximum benefit

      • To report an incident (can be done anonymously and confidentially) or obtain

        further information, go to www.Firefighternearmiss.com

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USFA technical report series

      • Investigative reports on certain incidents

      • Designed to share lessons learned

      • Available through www.usfa.fema.gov at no cost

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Data collection and analysis

       • Basis for any research or used to support research initiatives

       • Used in the development or updating of standards

       • May form the basis for developing test methods

       • Examples of national data collection and analysis systems

            • National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) of the United States Fire

             Administration

          • Uniform Fire Incident Reporting System (UFIRS) of the National Fire Protection

            Association

          • Consumer Product Safety Commission - tests product failures

      • National Institute for Standards and Technology

          • Building products research

          • Fire investigations

          • Fire protection system research