Technical rescue is one of the newest and fastest growing segments of the emergency response community. Although it has one of the shortest life spans of any of our fire service activities, we still have to respect and remember the "Old School" methods we started with.
Technology is moving at an unparalleled pace. Sometimes it seems like we order an item today and prior to its arrival a new and improved version has appeared in the market place. As we embrace and obtain these newer, "better" techniques and pieces of equipment we must not forget how to function without them.
One of the most eye opening stories I have heard was from a firefighter in a very active and technologically advanced department. There he stood, telling the water cooler gathering how they had experienced a power plant failure of a pre-piped extrication tool on their rescue apparatus while working at a motor vehicle accident. To my surprise, the initial response from a number of listeners was, "how long did it take to get a back up company on scene?" "Back up company??" I was floored by that response.
How could the failure of one piece of equipment have brought their operation to a stand still? (In defense of the individual telling the story, his department did eventually adapt and overcome the situation at hand, completing the operation successfully.) But in listening to the experience, I began to realize a growing issue we are now faced with on all levels of firefighting.
Our dependency on the latest technology has increased, causing our fundamental skills to deteriorate.
Surrounding the extrication tool in question were compartments full of various hand and power tools that can accomplish the same tasks. Know where they are located on your apparatus!
It's important to know your inventory of smaller, and less frequently used tools. Although it might mean a longer and more challenging operation, we still must retain our original skills for moments of technical failure. By having a firm grip on the basics, we can overcome and adapt to the situations we encounter at the various incidents we respond to.
When it comes to vehicle extrication there are two commonly available tools: hacksaws and reciprocating saws. Let's look at some basic information for this equipment:
- What working order are they in?
- Old, bent and rusty blades are dangerous
- Have multiple saws available
- When a blade breaks and a rescuer turns for help, the best thing we can do is hand this individual a fresh tool with a new blade
- This will keep the operation going and reduce the stress of the moment
- Do not hand the rescuer a new blade and expect them to change it out in a timely and calm manner at that stage of the incident
- One area where new technology can be blended with "old school" tools is in the utilization of new and improved blades. Shatter resistant blades can provide us with a much safer working environment.
- Know the number of available saws and what type of power they require
- Electric and Battery powered tools provide the next level of technology for cutting operations
- A number of manufacturers have built battery operated tools in various voltage levels. 14.4volt, 18 volt and 24 volt being the most common types. We now have 28 volt and 36 volt tools on the market
- The availability of AC/DC converters for these saws makes them even more versatile
- When you are working at a remote location away from shore power you can utilize the batteries
- When you are close to a power source the AC/DC converter gives you the option of plugging into the outlets available for your operation
- The tool industry has developed some strong and aggressive blades for use in the fire/rescue service. Some of the various types of blades available are the:
- Demolition - six teeth per inch for demolition work and cutting nail embedded wood and metal
- Fire and rescue - 10 teeth per inch for fire and rescue, heavy-duty operations, pipe, structural and stainless steel 3/16- to 3/4--inch
- Torch blades - For demolition, rescue and remodeling