Being the driver of an emergency vehicle places greater responsibility on the shoulders of an individual than those of driving a personal vehicle.
Downloadable Instructor's Guides
Topic: Apparatus Driving And Operations
Teaching and Learning Domain:
Level of Instruction:
Time Required: 2 Hours
- Appropriate audio-visual materials
- Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association
- Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator Handbook, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association
- Emergency Vehicle Driver Training, United States Fire Administration; Maryland Emergency Vehicle Operations Laws
Motivation: Being the driver of an emergency vehicle places greater responsibility on the shoulders of an individual than those of driving a personal vehicle. Vehicle size and handling, configuration, and special conditions under which the vehicle is operated must be considered by a driver or potential driver. If the driver does not take all of these items seriously, the apparatus will not arrive at the scene safely.
Objective (SPO): The firefighter will demonstrate a general knowledge of the requirements to drive and operate fire apparatus safely.
Overview: Apparatus Driving And Operations
- Program Outline
Instructors Notes: This drill is not intended to replace an emergency vehicle operation training program. It is designed to provide an overview of a program to manage drivers of emergency vehicles in both an emergency and a non-emergency mode.
Apparatus Driving And Operations
Describe the general requirements and process to become a driver of fire apparatus.
Identify the elements of a fire apparatus driver program.
Identify the documentation requirements associated with a fire apparatus driver program.
Describe the need to re-evaluate fire apparatus drivers
I. QUALIFICATIONS/SCREENING (EO 1-1)
- Fire apparatus operators are responsible for safely transporting firefighters, apparatus, and equipment to and from scene of an emergency or other service call
- When the operator is under the direct supervision of an officer, the officer is accountable for actions of operator
- Operator guidelines are found in NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, and NFPA 1002, Standard on Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications
- Skills and Physical Abilities Needed
- Reading Skills
- Read maps
- Review manufacturer's operating instructions
- Study prefire plans
- Review printed computer dispatch instructions
- Read and work on a mobile dispatch terminal
- Writing Skills
- Maintenance reports
- Equipment repair requests
- Fire reports
- Accident reports
- Mathematical Skills
- Hydraulic calculations
- Aerial ladder placement and operation
- Physical Fitness
- No impairment of the use of foot, leg, arm, or fingertips, or any other structural defect or limitation likely to interfere with safe driving
- Not have diabetes mellitus to a degree presently requiring the use of insulin for control
- No heart condition likely to cause loss of consciousness or sudden death
- No respiratory ailment likely to interfere with safe driving
- No arthritic, rheumatic, muscular or vascular condition which interferes with the ability to drive safely
- Not have epilepsy or any other condition likely to cause sudden loss of consciousness or loss of ability to control a vehicle
- No mental, nervous, organic, or functional disease, or any psychiatric condition likely to interfere with safe driving
- Meet the following minimum vision requirements: At least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye and in both together, with or without glasses; at least 70 degrees side vision in each eye; the ability to distinguish red, green, and yellow (or amber)
- Meet hearing requirements by perceiving a forced whisper at five feet with the better ear, or meet specified requirements as measured by a testing device, with or without a hearing aid
- Evaluate medication (if taken) to determine if any chemical impairment would result and interfere with their ability to operate an emergency vehicle
- Not be diagnosed as an alcoholic
- Reading Skills
- Required time in service
- Written or performance tests
- Combination of service time and tests
- Based on skill and ability rather than seniority or position