Reinventing Fire Prevention

TOPIC: REINVENTING FIRE PREVENTION TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FOURTH EDITION, IFSTA PREPARATION: MOTIVATION: The first line of protecting...


      is a need for increased financial support

  2. Improve elected officials knowledge of the fire department and the non-emergency work that takes

      place

  3. Demonstrate increased productivity

C. Focused programs

  1. Conduct a seasonal or year-round program to focus on specific fire safety issues

  2. Target presentations to specific age groups such as the young, the elderly, or college students

  3. Target presentations to the poor and clustered minority groups

  4. Conduct a fire prevention queen contest to involve others in promoting fire prevention (suggested

      questions to evaluate candidates included in Appendix A)

  5. Consider using people in specific age groups to promote fire prevention to groups of people of

      similar ages

  6. Develop a fire prevention poster program that involves schools at all levels

  7. Encourage school audio-visual programs to fire prevention programs focused on specific age

      groups and present those programs

  8. Deliver fire prevention presentations on specific topics

      a. Stop, drop, and roll

      b. Escaping fire

      c. Sounding the alarm

      d. Fire station tours

      e. Smoke detectors

      f. Cooking fire safety

      g. Fire safety for babysitters

      h. Fire safety for the elderly

      i. Camping fire safety

      j. Autumn fire safety – leaves, brush

      k. Fire safety in mountainous areas

      l. Christmas fire safety

      m. Fire safety for children

      n. Residential fire sprinklers

      o. Storage fire safety

      p. Fire safety for the poor

 

III. HOME FIRE SAFETY INSPECTIONS (EO 1-3)

A. Purpose

  1. Identify safety hazards (this is not a fire code inspection)

  2. Prevent injury and loss of life

  3. Prevent or reduce damage from fire

  4. Educate the public

B. Equipment needed

  1. Flashlight

  2. Clipboard

  3. Inspection form (may be available from local insurance company)

  4. Education materials such as exit drills in the home, smoke detector placement and maintenance,

      and the benefits of residential fire sprinklers

C. Preliminary activities

  1. Conduct the inspection in teams of two or three

  2. Look professional

  3. Wear identification

  4. Introduce yourself

  5. Ask permission before touching or moving anything or entering a closed area

  6. Have the homeowner accompany you at all times since you are a guest in the home

  7. Stay together as a group

D. Begin the inspection on the exterior

  1. Location and visibility of house numbers

  2. Condition of foliage and proximity to structure in wildland areas

  3. Egress around windows and doors

  4. Obstacles to exiting such as bars on windows

E. Basement check

  1. Flammable and combustible material storage

  2. Storage of flammable and combustible materials in proximity to the electric panel, furnace, and hot

      water heater

  3. Ability to exit to the exterior

F. Kitchen

  1. Combustibles

  2. Overloaded circuits

  3. Placement of items around stove

  4. Pull-down hazards

  5. Grease buildup on stove, oven, or vent

  6. Condition of hood and filter

G. Garage

  1. Flammable and combustible storage

  2. Fireplace or wood stove ash disposal

  3. Improper tool storage

H. All areas

  1. Use of extension cords, multi-plug adapters, or power strips

  2. General housekeeping

  3. Overloaded circuits

  4. Inadequate size breakers or fuses

  5. Two methods of escape

  6. Unsecured medicines, poisons, or firearms

  7. Obstructed exits or halls

  8. Child safety hazards such as outlet plugs, cabinet locks, and unlocked heating devices

  9. Trip or fall hazards

  10. Location and operation of smoke detectors

  11. Home fire escape plan

I. Document the inspection

  1. Identify safety concerns

  2. Provide recommendations for corrective action

  3. Provide a copy of the inspection form to the homeowner and retain copy for the department files

  4. Discuss smoke detectors, home fire escape plans, and residential fire sprinklers with the