Reading Comprehension - Practice Exam

Use this reading comprehension practice exam to prepare for department exams.


Use the information below to answer questions 1, 2 and 3:

At 3:00 a.m., firefighters at House Number 9 were dispatched to respond to a fire involving two adjacent two-family homes numbered 136 A, 136 B, 137 A, and 137 B. When the firefighters arrived on the scene, both two-family homes were fully involved and some residents were standing outside. One of the residents, Mrs. Renner, came running up to Captain Keller, the commanding officer on the scene, to inform him about the status of the other residents. Mrs. Renner indicated that the occupants of 136 A, Mr. and Mrs. Spina and their daughter Helen, were on vacation. She was especially sure of this because the Spina's car was still gone. Mrs. Renner added that she, her husband and her son, Gary, had gotten out safely from 136 B. Mrs. Renner's son, Gary, informed the captain that he had gone around back to see if Mr. and Mrs. Simms, the elderly couple who lives alone in 137 A, had escaped through the back. Gary indicated that he could not see anyone and Mrs. Renner added that she hadn't seen the old couple either and was hoping they had already left town for their annual summer vacation. Finally, Mrs. Renner pointed to her neighbors from 137 B, Mr. and Mrs. Sloan, and indicated that they had gotten out safely and that they had no children in their home.

1. The following number of individuals normally reside in the homes on fire:
A)8
B)9
C)10
D)11

2. The address of the home that may still be occupied is:
A)136 A
B)136 B
C)137 A
D)137 B

3. The person who had gone around back to check for the elderly couple was:
A)Mrs. Spina's daughter
B)Mrs. Renner's son
C)Mrs. Renner's husband
D)Mr. Sloan

Use the information below to answer questions 4-6:

Hoselines

At the scene of a fire, crews attempting to perform a rescue should have every kind of protection available. The primary type of protective equipment is a hoseline with an adequate supply of water. The advantages of a fire stream are its effect in the control of fire in the rescue area and its cooling effect. The force of a water spray will also help ventilate the structure. This will help to provide cool fresh air, which will assist the victims as well as the rescue crew.

Another advantage of taking in a hoseline is that the hose automatically marks an escape route. If the conditions in the structure worsen, smoke may decrease most visibility. When this occurs, the hoseline will lead the rescue team out of the structure. Since searches for victims in the fire structure must be done quickly, the rescue crew may not be able to use hoselines in all cases. However, as the rescue continues, hoselines should be advanced to protect rescue workers and trapped victims. Fire streams may have to be used to knock down the fire and to protect victims.

At times it may be necessary to delay rescue in an area until a charged hoseline is ready to advance. The rescue crew must then enter the structure behind the protection of the fire stream. As the fire is controlled, the rescue crew can search each room.

To speed up the search of the more distant rooms, the rescue crew can leave the protection of the charged hoseline. Before this occurs, the rescue crew must tell the firefighter on the charged line of their actions.

Firefighters on the fire floor must keep in mind the presence of other rescue crews on the floors above the fire. If it appears that the fire streams will be unable to hold the fire, instant warning must be given to the crews above the fire. Steps should be taken to provide escape by ladder. An effort should also be made to place fire streams between the fire and the exposed rescue crews.

Caution must be exercised when stretching hoselines to keep them from blocking any rescue attempts. The one exception to this would be where the fire stream is required to protect the occupants' escape. When many persons have to get out of a building, rescue plans must be considered in the placement of equipment. This includes the stretching of hoselines.

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