How's Your Apparatus Staffing?

PREPARATION: MOTIVATION: Adequate staffing at the scene of any emergency can have a direct relationship on the outcome. Inadequate staffing can also contribute to the potential for harm to operating personnel. We owe it to each other to insure that...

      b. Search of immediate operational area when truck or squad personnel are available to search


      c. Search of entire structure when on alarms without truck or squad or when they have long travel


   3. Exposures

      a. Interior exposures or possible spread of fire to undamaged portions of building

      b. Checking the extension of fire in concealed spaces

      c. Exterior exposures of adjacent buildings, structures, or materials

      d. Types and sizes of streams for various types of exposure problems

   4. Attack Lines

      a. Proper size and length of hose lines carried for immediate operation using tank water

      b. Various hose evolutions with minimum staffing for most efficient advancement of hose lines into

          different types of buildings

      c. Extending the reach of various size hose lines

      d. Efficient placing in operation various special purpose nozzles from operating hand lines

   5. Back-Up Lines

      a. Specific companies assigned this duty, yet all companies should be prepared to advance

          back-up lines

      b. Hose line or appliance that will flow a greater amount of water than the attack lines in operation

      c. These lines are taken to the location of the operating attack line

      d. Lines are charged to the nozzle or in the case of using master stream appliances as back-up

           lines, the supplying engines should have lines ready to be charged to the appliances at a

           moments notice

   6. Protective Systems

      a. Standpipe connection always supplied and charged immediately

      b. Companies prepared to operate with handlines larger than 1-1/2-inch from standpipe outlets

      c. Use of gated wyes to enable more than one company to operate from standpipe outlet

      d. Sprinkler system always connected to and charged upon indication of fire, water flow, or orders

   7. Master Stream Appliances

      a. Monitor pipe - quick operation either piped directly to pump or by use of short sections of hose

      b. Deluge sets - master stream appliances should be easily removed and made portable for

          advancement on ground, to roof, and other points of advantage

      c. Solid stream tips should be used for efficient reach, less effect by wind and less cost

      d. Directed into building upon command of fireground command and only when sure all personnel

          have left the building

      e. Applicators - restricted to personnel required and caution should be used to prevent injury to

          other personnel as this is a master stream appliance

      f. Engines supplying ladder or monitor pipe should be as close as possible to eliminate high friction

          loss in supply lines

      g. When master streams are needed, it should be remembered they can be supplied by two or

           three engines to take advantage of existing pump reserve

   8. Overhaul

      a. Less quantity of water needed because emergency is over

      b. Clear hose lines from busy streets

      c. Operate with hose connected directly to hydrants

      d. Free companies not needed

      e. Assist truck company in checking and wetting down hot spots



Below are some examples of tasks assignments for the first arriving engine company based on various

staffing levels.

   1. Three Person Crew

      a. Driver

         1) Operate the fire pump controls

         2) Establish water supply if using a hydrant in very close proximity to the engine

      b. Officer

         1) Provide supervision and direction to crew

         2) Perform initial size-up of scene

         3) Provide communications to incident commander

         4) Assist with entry

         5) Assist with rescue, if rescue is required