Conducting A Safe Structural Burn Training Drill

TOPIC: CONDUCTING A SAFE STRUCTURAL BURN TRAINING DRILL TIME REQUIRED: FOUR TO SIX HOURS MATERIALS: TWO FULLY EQUIPPED PUMPERS (AT A MINIMUM), ONE STAFFED EMS UNIT, SCBA CYLINDER REFILLIING CAPABILITY, DRINKING WATER AND CUPS, CONTINUOUS WATER...


  14. Identify available water sources and supply capability

  15. Remove any unwanted sources of ignition such as utility service

  16. Monitor fuel types and quantities to avoid any materials other than class A fuels with known

        characteristics; care should be taken when using furniture containing foam from cushions due to

        the soot production and its affect on facepiece visibility

  17. Make a ventilation hole in the roof to relieve convected currents

  18. Notch any chimneys at a low point so that they will fall down when the structure burns down

  19. Make sure there is a continuous supply of water with adequate reserve on apparatus

B. PREPARATION OF THE STUDENTS (EO 1-2)

  1. Verify the level of training of the students to confirm that have had some prior training in personal

       protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus, nozzle operations and hose handling,

       and fire behavior

  2. Make sure all students are in good health and physical conditions

  3. Make sure all students are adequately and continuously hydrated

  4. Make sure all students have accountability tags

  5. Make sure each student has personal protective clothing including a helmet with ear protection and

      a suspension system, turnout coat and pants with vapor barrier and protective liner, boots with

      steel toes and insoles, fire retardant leather gloves, and fire retardant hood to make sure that it will

      provide adequate protection for the students. All protective clothing shall be clean and in good

      condition. Nomex or PBI coats and pants and non-metallic helmets are recommended. Nylon

      quilted liners in coats or pants or plastic or rubber covered gloves will not be permitted. It is

       recommended that long pants and long sleeve shirts, both of cotton, be worn under the protective

       clothing to reduce the possibility of steam burns.

  6. Review the accountability system, personnel accountability reporting system, and emergency

      evacuation signals being used

  7. Advise the students that the structure will not be overhauled after each evolution to reduce the

      likelihood of extension

  8. Each student will have a positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus and a personal alert

      safety system (PASS) in place as part of their protective clothing prior to entering the structure.

      Both items will be activated at all times while in the structure.

  9. Conduct dry hose handling evolutions if needed

C. SAFETY BRIEFING (EO 1-3)

  1. Identify the safety officer and any assistants and make their identification, roles, and responsibilities

      known to all participants

  2. Advise all participants that the safety officer has the authority to interrupt any evolution or activity

      determined to be unsafe

  3. Conduct a walk-through of the structure to identify the fuels being used, the locations of the burns,

      the locations of safety lines, and the location of exits

  4. Explain that there will be only one burn taking place at any time

  5. Identify the radio frequencies being used

  6. Advise the location of the rehab and EMS stations

  7. Advise the rehab requirements and advise that rehab should occur after each SCBA cylinder is

      expended

  8. Advise that no human victims will be used during the activity

  9. Advise that there will be an instructor with each crew operating in the structure, an instructor with

     the backup crew, and two instructors serving as stokers and interior safety personnel

  10. Advise that there will be one hoseline with the operating crew, one hoseline with the backup

       crew, and an additional hoseline available to the stokers/interior safety

  11. Explain that portions of the structure such as the attic will be checked periodically for fire

        extension

  12. Review general safety precautions including staying out of openings, opening and closing nozzles