Conducting A Safe Structural Burn Training Drill

TOPIC: CONDUCTING A SAFE STRUCTURAL BURN TRAINING DRILL TIME REQUIRED: FOUR TO SIX HOURS MATERIALS: TWO FULLY EQUIPPED PUMPERS (AT A MINIMUM), ONE STAFFED EMS UNIT, SCBA CYLINDER REFILLIING CAPABILITY, DRINKING WATER AND CUPS, CONTINUOUS WATER...


        at the direction of the instructor, hose handling entering and exiting the structure, staying low,

        staying dry, and accounting for all crew members at all times.

  13. Prior to entering the structure, each student is to be inspected by the safety officer to insure that all

        protective clothing and equipment is in place, providing proper protection, and operating

        properly.

  14. The safety officer will be responsible for monitoring the personal accountability system and

        knowing who is in the building, there SCBA pressure at the time of entry, and how long they have

        been in the building.

  15. Make sure that there are sufficient lengths of hose on each attack line to reach the further-most

        point in the structure

  16. Make sure that all nozzles are operating correctly

  17. Make sure that all self-contained breathing apparatus is operating correctly

D. EVOLUTIONS (EO 1-4)

  1. Make sure that all instructors are qualified to serve as instructors for structural burn activities based

      on prior training and experience

  2. Maintain personnel accountability both in the structure and on the training site

  3. Brief introduction of all instructors participating in the evolution.

  4. Upon completion of all safety inspections and clearance of the safety officer, the students will enter

      the structure. One instructor will be positioned at the front of the attack crew and the other

      instructor will be positioned at the rear of the attack crew.

  5. All students will be on the same side of the hose line with the nozzle person and back-up person

      within arms reach of each other. Other crew members will be positions appropriately to advance

      the hose line.

  6. Students will enter the burn area in a crawling position with the hose line between the students and

      the fire.

  7. All students are to be either in the burn area or outside it before the instructor authorizes the nozzle

      to be opened. The nozzle person should account for all crew members before initiating attack.

  8. At the conclusion of the attack, all crew members are to position themselves in a manner to reduce

      body surface area to avoid steam burns.

  9. At the direction of the instructor, the person on the nozzle will go around the nozzle and move to

      the rear of the crew. Other crew members will move forward and assume their new positions on

      the hose line.

  10. The attack process outlined above will resume until every crew member has had an opportunity to

        operate the nozzle.

  11. The crew will then retreat from the building with the nozzle person and back-up person

        maintaining control of the nozzle in the event of re-ignition. Other crew members will be

        positioned to assist with hose line removal.

  12. Upon exiting the structure, the instructors will conduct a brief review of the activities and check

         for any injuries. The students should check their air supply and rehydrate prior to re-entry.

  13. The instructional process will continue until all students have been rotated through the structure.

  14. The students will be instructed in the proper nozzle pattern and setting for better coverage.

  15. The nozzle pattern and flow should be checked prior to entering the structure. Upon entering the

        structure, the nozzle should not be opened until advised by the instructor. The instructor will also

        advise where the stream is to be directed and the pattern and method of attack to be used.

  16. The nozzle should be closed when advised by the instructor.

  17. The "buddy system" will be used while in the structure. Everyone should be watching for everyone

        else.

  18. The minimum size hose line permitted for structural firefighting is 1-1/2-inch.

  19. Three hoselines must be in place and ready for use prior to any individuals entering the structure