Application of Portable Fire Extinguishers

Given a selection of portable extinguishers, full personal protective equipment, and a controlled instructional environment, the student will be able to demonstrate the proper techniques of inspecting, selecting, and using portable extinguishers...


Given a selection of portable extinguishers, full personal protective equipment, and a controlled instructional environment, the student will be able to demonstrate the proper techniques of inspecting, selecting, and using portable extinguishers .

Session Reference: 1

Topic: Application of Portable Fire Extinguishers

Teaching/Learning Level: 3

Time Required: 3 Hours

Reading/Other Assignments:

• Review IFSTA, Essentials of Firefighting, 4th ed., 1998, Chapter 5

• MFRI Firefighter I Student Manual, Lesson 6-1

• AHJ specific handouts that the instructor may provide

Teaching/Learning Aids: (to support a group of 25 students)

• 2 support instructors

• MFRI PowerPoint visuals and PowerPoint projection system Download Now!

• chalkboard or easel pad

• Action Training Systems, Inc. video

• Portable Extinguishers

• videoequipment

• display extinguishers

• if available (PW, CO2, AFFF, stored pressure dry chemical,Ansul dry chemical, pump tank, Indian tank)

• 6 operational pressurized water

• 10 CO2

• 6 dry chemical extinguishers (4 stored pressure + 2 Ansul)

• magnesium

• 2 recovery cans

• 2 barrel flammable liquid burner

• 5 gallons diesel fuel

• 5 gallons water

• bale of excelsior/straw

• propane torch equipment

Behaviors to Foster: Active participation and discussion to:

• Describe the purpose of portable fire extinguishers

• Identify the classification and characteristics of fuels and how portable fire extinguishers extinguish them

• Identify four basic types of extinguishing agents, and describe how they extinguish fires

• Define how portable extinguishers are rated

• Identify the appropriate extinguisher and how to apply them for various classes of fire

• Describe the limitations of portable fire extinguishers

• Describe the care and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers

• Identify the general rules for portable fire extinguisher use

• Demonstrate the extinguishment of Class A, B, and C fires utilizing the appropriate portable fire extinguishers

Task: Demonstrate the proper techniques of inspecting, selecting, and using portable extinguishers on Class A, B, and C fires

Given: A selection of portable extinguishers, full personal protective equipment, and a controlled instructional environment

Standard: So that the correct extinguisher is selected and used for the class of fire, the fire is extinguished completely, and safe operations are practiced. NFPA 1001 (1997), JPR 3-3.15

Requisite Knowledge:

• Fire behavior

• Classes of fire

• Types of fire extinguishers and their rating system

• Operating characteristics of each type extinguisher

• Effective use of each type extinguisher

• Limitations of fire extinguishers

Requisite Skills:

• Operate fire extinguishers

• Wear PPE

• Safely carry standard size fire extinguishers

• Identify the class of extinguisher appropriate to a specific class officer

Resources/References:

• International Fire Service Training Association. (1998). Essentials of firefighting (4th ed.). Stillwater, OK: Fire Protection Publications.

• National Fire Protection Association. (1998). NFPA Standard, 10 portable fire extinguishers. Quincy, MA: Author.

• National Fire Protection Association. (1997). NFPA Standard, 101 life safety code. Quincy, MA: Author.

Preparation

Motivation: There are many fire scenarios that do not require large quantities of water to effectively extinguish. Firefighters must be properly trained in various alternative extinguishment options involving portable fire extinguishers, and the appropriate agent required on Class A, B, C, and D fires. Using the wrong agent on a fire could be disastrous.

Objective (SPO): Given a selection of portable extinguishers, full personal protective equipment, and a controlled instructional environment, the student will be able to demonstrate the proper techniques of inspecting, selecting, and using portable extinguishers on Class A, B, and C fires, so that the correct extinguisher is used for the class of fire, the fire is extinguished completely, and safe operations are practiced. The student will perform to a final written test accuracy of at least 70%, will receive a satisfactory score as determined by a practical skills checklist, and will meet job performance requirements for NFPA 1001 (1997), JPR 3-3.15.

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