Firefighter Pre-Basic VII

The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of forcible entry tools and techniques by applying the material in a practical setting. Session Reference: 7 Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic VII Level of Instruction: Time Required: 3...


• If hinges exposed, pull hinge pins or drive tool between hinge and door facing

• Doors with neither lock nor hinges exposed cannot be forced with standard tools

• Doors may be secured with a steel bar or fox lock

• Door that cannot be forced can be cut open with power saw

• Heavy steel door can be opened with battering ram

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• Lighted doors

• In many older buildings, rear doors made of wood or light metal, reinforced with bars or fitted with several locks

• Main lock should be forced first

• Additional bolts or clocks can usually be forced with hand tools

• If door has glass pane without bars, best to remove glass and attempt to open lock from inside

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• Dwellings and apartments

• Locked residential structures more easily entered than commercial structures

• Front and rear doors usually same type and of light construction

• Often have one or more glass panes

• Multiple-unit street doors at front often unlocked

• Lobby door may be secured by electric lock

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• Apartment doors

• Might have to open individual doors

• In older buildings, doors made of wood - cylinder locks may have been added

• Frames of doors usually strong enough to support pry tool

• In modern buildings, doors made of steel or wood covered with steel - secured with cylinder locks and possibly one or more bolt-type locks

• If door frame constructed of light metal, might not support pry tool

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• Balcony doors

• Sliding glass with cylinder locks or some bolting arrangement holding at top and bottom

• Bolts should be forced with available tools

• If door particularly tough to force, drive pry tool between door and framing

• Two doors locked to each other can also be opened by driving pry tool between doors

• Avoid straining glass enough to break it

• Break glass for entry only for immediate rescue or when glass already stained or damaged by heat or smoke

• When bar or rod holds sliding section, glass will have to be broken

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• Office buildings

• Presents same problems as apartment house units

• Age of building determines type of inside office door, unless remodeled extensively

• Most buildings open to street during day

• Outside entrances usually similar to those found in stores of same general age

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• Other occupancies

• Warehouses and factories

• Usually have roll-up doors at loading platforms and heavy wooden or steel pedestrian doors

• Windows on lower floors may be barred

• Usually surrounded by chain-link fences - may require forcing padlock

• Some occupancies protected at night by guard dogs

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• Combination occupancies - may present double entry problem with forcing first into building and then into individual units

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Entry Through Windows

• Double-hung windows

• Window that allows simplest and quickest access to building

• Forced by prying up bottom section at center of window

• If top section made of small panes, pane nearest lock can be removed and window unlocked

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• If it must be used for entry and cannot be forced quickly, it should be completed knocked out

• If at ground level, use axe or other appropriate tool

• Above ground situations may be not be discovered until window is reached

• Remove all splinters of glass before going through

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• Position ladders upwind from windows

• When time and/or fire does not permit use of tool, knock out window with ladder

• Glass panes may be replaced with unbreakable plastic panes

• May be cut with power saw

• With other than steel frame, knock out entire window frame

• May have knock out panel which can be removed by striking corner with pick of axe

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• Casement windows

• Window hinged vertically with moving part of window attached to crank