Firefighter Pre-Basic III

The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the small tools in general fire service use as well as a knowledge of basic knots used in the fire service. Session Reference: 3 Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic III Level of Instruction...


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Rabbit Tool

• Used to force door locks inward opening doors

• Carried in carrying bag with accessories including a hammer

• Blade placed between door and jamb near lock and tapped in place with hammer, hydraulic pump operated until door opens

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Short Hook (short pike pole with D-handle)

• Used for pulling ceilings and opening walls or separating debris

• Carried with point forward and pointed downward

• Used by pointing hook away, poking the hook into the wall or ceiling, and pulling downward away from body

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Rope Hose Tool

• Used for securing hose to ladders, holding doors open, or supporting equipment or ladders

• Carried coiled in hand

• Used by forming a loop around object and placing hook on secure surface

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Spanner Wrench

• Used for tightening or loosening hose couplings; can also be used as a doorstop, for shutting off natural gas meters, or some forcible entry

• Carried in hand or pocket

• For tightening or loosening hose, two wrenches are required. To loosen a hose coupling, place the wrench closest to the user pointed to the left and the other one pointed to the right (lefty loosey, righty tighty), have hands outstretched to prevent injury to the knuckles, and push downward with palms. To tighten hose couplings, place the wrench closest to the user pointed to the right and the other one pointed to the left (righty tighty, lefty loosey), have hands outstretched to prevent injury to the knuckles, and push downward with palms. Use the blade as a doorstop. Use the slot near the blade or the hook to shut off a natural gas meter. Used the hooked end for forcible entry or to clean glass from an opening.

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Gas-powered Disk and Chain Saws

• Used for making openings in walls, floors, and roofs

• Carried by carrying handle with saw shut off and blade not turning

• Turn saw on and open choke, place foot in handle, and pull starting cord upward in a forceful manner. Once saw is running, close choke, and allow saw to warm up. Shut off by turning off. Determine area to be cut, reeve up saw and proceed to cut making sure that feet and legs are out of direction of cut.

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CO2 and Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers

• Used to extinguish small or special fires.

• Carried using carrying handle.

• Carry by carrying handle, pull pin on extinguisher, and operate pushing operating lever downward. Aim at base of fire with wind to back and sweep from side to side. For CO2 extinguishers, hold nozzle by wood or rubber handle; for dry chemical extinguishers, hold hose near nozzle.

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Smoke Ejector (use discussed more in ventilation section)

• Used for exhausting smoke from a building or forcing fresh air inward.

• Carried by carrying handle.

• To exhaust smoke, place high in an opening using a rope hose tool or strap on the unit. The motor should be pointed outward to smoke removal. To force fresh air inward, place low in an opening with the motor pointed inward. Plug in and turn on.

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Brush Rake

• Used for removing fuel in a wildland fire.

• Carried with blade pointed forward and downward.

• Used as a digging tool to remove ground vegetation and expose bare soil. Dig into the soil and rake material away from the fire.

 

II. KNOT TYING (3-2)

Introduction

• Kind of rope

• Lifeline rope used for rescue

• Utility rope used for hoisting tools, securing and area, and general use

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• Rope materials

• Synthetic materials such as nylon, polyester, or polypropylene

• Natural materials such as manila or cotton

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• Rope construction

• Laid - constructed by twisting yarn together to form strands with three strands twisted to form the rope

• Braided - constructed by uniformly intertwining strands of rope together

• Kernmantle - composed of a braided covering or sheath called a mantle over the main load bearing strands called the kern

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