Firefighter Pre-Basic III

The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the small tools in general fire service use as well as a knowledge of basic knots used in the fire service. Session Reference: 3 Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic III Level of Instruction...


• Rope care

• Store rope in dry area free of hydrocarbon fuels

• Do not store in direct sunlight

• Inspect periodically and after each use for damage

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• Checking condition of rope

• Charring or melting or fibers

• Fibers cut or abrased

• Chemical damage

• Stressed or broken fibers

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Terms

• Working end - part of the rope used to tie the knot

• Running end - part of the rope used for hoisting (opposite of the working end)

• Standing part - part of the rope between the working end and the running end

• Bight - a complete bend or horseshoe in a rope

• Loop - a complete circle in the rope with the ends are pointed in opposite directions

• Round turn - a complete circle in the rope where the ends are in the same direction

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Safety or Overhand Knot - used as a safety knot

• Form a complete loop in the working end

• Pass the working end through the loop

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Half Hitch - used in conjunction with the bowline or clove hitch to secure a tool for hoisting

• Form a bight in the rope

• Place the bight over the tool with the standing part on the bottom of the loop

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Bowline - used for rescue or hoisting tools

• Form a small loop (approximately three times the diameter of the rope) about three feet from the working end or allow enough rope to reach around the object

• Note the position of the standing part in the loop

• If the standing part is on the bottom of the loop, pass the working end up through the loop from the bottom; if the standing part is on the top, enter the loop from the top.

• Pass the working end around the standing part and back through the loop with the two parts being parallel

• Tighten up the loop

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Clove Hitch - used to secure a rope to an object

• Pass the working end around the object to which the rope is to be secured

• Have the working end cross the standing part

• Continue going around the object a second time being careful that the standing end remains on the correct side of the standing part

• Pass the working end under the portion of the standing end that is crossed

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Becket Bend - used to join two ropes together

• Form a bight in one of the working ends

• Pass the other working end through the bight

• Pass the working end around the standing part

• Pass the working end under portion of the standing part that passed through the bight (the working end should not go back through the bight)

 

III. HOISTING TOOLS (3-3)

Axe

• Form a bowline and pass it over the axe handle or form a clove hitch on the handle near the head

• Pass the standing part under the axe head

• Form a half hitch on the end of the axe handle by forming a bight and placing it on the handle

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Haligan Bar

• Form a clove hitch on the bar near the forked end

• Pass the standing part through the fork

• Form a half hitch on the adz/point end by forming a bight and placing it under the adz/point

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Pike Pole

• Form a clove hitch on the end opposite the hook

• Form a half hitch on the point end by forming a bight and placing it under the hook (longer pike poles may need more than one half hitch)

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Roof Ladder

• Form a bowline in the rope with a loop big enough to go around the outside of the ladder

• Go down about one-third of the length of the ladder from the tip and pass the bowline between the rungs

• Slide the bowline under the rung and back to the tip

• Place the bowline over the tip of the ladder

• Take the slack out of the rope

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Smoke Ejector

• Pass the working end rope through both handles

• Proceed to tie the bowline

 

Summary

Review:

Firefighter Pre-Basic III

• Basic Tools

• Knot Tying

• Hoisting Tools