Firefighter Pre-Basic II

Proper knowledge and use of personal protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus is necessary to help provide a safe working environment for the emergency service provider. Session Reference: 2 Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic II...


• Wrists need to be covered

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• Coat

• Protects from

• Heat/cold

• Sharp objects

• Blunt objects

• Water repellant

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• Multiple layers (all must be in place when coat is in use)

• Provides air space for added insulation

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• Outer shell

• Light color with reflective striping recommended

• Reflects heat

• Shows dirt (indicates need for cleaning)

• Good visibility

• Fire resistant fabric

• Does not mean "fireproof" and is not intended for use as an entry suit

• Material can burn, but is self-extinguishing when removed from flame or ignition source

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• Moisture barrier

• Allows moisture from body to escape

• Prevents outside moisture or liquids from getting in

• Helps protect from steam burns

• Not a chemical barrier

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• Thermal barrier

• Additional thermal protection

• Quilted liners provide additional air pockets for insulation

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• Proper fit

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• Reinforced wear points

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• Pants - same features as coat

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• Care and Maintenance

• Helmets

• Shell

• Remove dirt and chemicals

• Check for damage - repair or replace

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• Suspension - inspect

• Replace helmets that do not fit or are damaged beyond repair

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• Coats/pants/hoods/gloves

• Machine or hand wash according to manufacturer's directions

NOTE: Have students check labels for cleaning instructions

• Check for rips, tears - repair or replace

NOTE: Protective clothing should only be repaired by authorized personnel and only with like threads or fabric

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• Boots

• Wash oil, grease, chemicals, debris from bottom

• Store in cool, dark place

• Replace damaged boots

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• Donning/Doffing

• Proper procedure for donning protective clothing

• Boots/pants pulled up

• All fasteners closed

• Suspenders/straps in place

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• Hood on - if SCBA is being donned, hood will need to be folded back after coat is donned so that facepiece can be donned

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• Coat on

• All fasteners closed

• Collar up/closed

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• Helmet on - if SCBA is being donned, helmet will be donned after facepiece is donned and hood is pulled back up

• Ear flaps down

• Chin strap in place

• Eye protection in place

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• Gloves on - glove and coat wristlets should overlap

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• Doffing - the procedure above in reverse

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• Walk students through, step-by-step

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• Allow students to practice

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• Time all students for complete and proper donning

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• NOTE: This segment presents a good opportunity for the instructor to inspect student protective clothing. Note any deficiency that may be considered to be a safety hazard. Work with student to try and make appropriate corrections.

 

III. SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS (2-3)

Respiratory Hazards

• Oxygen deficiency

• Normal air contains 21% oxygen

• At least 16% needed to sustain life

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• Toxic gases

• May be present from normal processes taking place (certain levels are permitted in the workplace

• May be result of accidental release

• Normal by-product of combustion

• Most taken into body through inhalation

• May not be visible

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• Superheated gases

• Normal by-product of combustion

• Can cause temporary or permanent damage to respiratory system

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• Smoke