Basic Firefighting: Forcible Entry

A basic understanding of forcible entry tools and techniques by applying the material in a practical setting. Session Reference: Topic: Basic Firefighting: Forcible Entry Level of Instruction: 1 Time Required: 3 Hours...

2. Age of building determines type of inside office door, unless remodeled extensively

3. Most buildings open to street during day

4. Outside entrances usually similar to those found in stores of same general age

E. Other Occupancies

1. Warehouses and factories

a. Usually have roll-up doors at loading platforms and heavy wooden or steel pedestrian doors

b. Windows on lower floors may be barred

c. Usually surrounded by chain-link fences – may require forcing padlock

d. Some occupancies protected at night by guard dogs

2. Combination occupancies - may present double entry problem with forcing first into building and then into individual units


IV. Forcible Entry Through Windows (1-4)

A. Double-Hung Windows

1. Window that allows simplest and quickest access to building

a. Forced by prying up bottom section at center of window

b. If top section made of small panes, pane nearest lock can be removed and window unlocked

2. If must be used for entry and cannot be forced quickly, it should be completed knocked out

a. If at ground level, use axe or other appropriate tool

b. Above ground situations may be not be discovered until window is reached

c. Remove all splinters of glass before going through

3. Position ladders upwind from windows

4. When time and/or fire does not permit use of tool, knock out window with ladder

5. Glass panes may be replaced with unbreakable plastic panes

a. May be cut with power saw

b. With other than steel frame, knock out entire window frame

c. May have knock out panel which can be removed by striking corner with pick of axe

B. Casement Windows

1. Window hinged vertically with moving part of window attached to crank

a. Window crank usually light

b. Window lock located in middle or bottom of window

2. Best way to open window is break out pane of glass, reach in and unlock window, and force it open with pry tool

3. If heat not intense, remove second pane to operate crank

4. Many casement windows too narrow to allow entry

5. Narrow windows often located at sides of large glass picture window

C. Other Windows

1. Design of some windows prevents use for quick access

a. Very heavy metal frames

b. Wire within glass

c. Horizontally hinged sections that swing out when window is opened

d. Center swing-out sections surrounded by stationery glass

2. Some windows simply too small to allow entry

3. Large double-pane windows expensive to replace

4. Storm windows or screens must be removed before built-in windows can be opened


V. Forcible Entry Through Doors And Windows

Practical (1-5)

A. Full protective clothing including eye protection is required for this session.

NOTE: This session should be an opportunity to practice previously learned skills at the Firefighter I level, rather than a session where new skills are learned.

B. It may be appropriate to review the handling, use, and operation of the tools to be used prior to any student demonstrations.

C. Demonstrate the proper use of various hand and power tools to force entry through wood and metal doors

D. Demonstrate the proper use of various hand and power tools to force entry through various windows



Forcible Entry

• Tools

• Hoisting tools

• Forcible entry through doors

• Forcible entry through windows

• Forcible entry through doors and windows practical