Basic Firefighting: Ground Ladders

The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of ground ladder operations, positioning fire streams with ladders, carrying ground ladders, raising ground ladders, and climbing ground ladders. Session Reference: 2 Topic: Basic...


 

II. Advancing Hoselines (2-2)

Placing Ladders

• Should be placed where they will be of use in overall operation

• Size up will indicate where building may have to be entered

• Occasionally, properly positioned ladders will not be needed, possibly because fire was quickly controlled from other positions

• Avoid placing ladders in front of building entrance

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Climbing Ladders

• Fire fighters carrying lines should be at least fifteen feet apart

• Hose should be grasped at couplings with loops hanging off side of ladder

• Once line advanced into building, it should be moved clear of ladder so it hangs down face of building

 

III. Positioning Fire Fighting Streams (2-3)

Ladders can be used to hold and position streams being directed into building

• Topmost three or four rungs extend over sill and into window, line is tied to ladder so stream is directed through window opening

• Ladder is raised over window with top placed against wall above, line is tied to ladder, and stream directed onto fire

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Ladder should be tied to building if possible

• Ladder in windows tied in with rope hose tool

• Ladder against wall tied to pike pole placed across inside of lower window

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Hoseline should be tied to ladder in manner that will allow rope to absorb some of reaction of line when nozzle opened

• Not tied rigidly to ladder rungs

• Suspended between rungs

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Can be used to knock down fire ahead of crews advancing interior lines

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Ladders streams should be shut down as interior lines approach

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• Once ladder stream has knocked down fire, it can be shut down, untied, advanced, recharged, and used for interior attack

• Allow smoke or steam to clear area

• Check interior conditions

• Enter window only when second fire fighter has climbed to position immediately outside window to assist in advancing line and back up

 

IV. Ground Ladder Practical (2-4)

Demonstrate the following using ground ladders:

• One, two, and three person beam carries

• Two, three, and four flat person carries

• One, two, three, and four person raises

• Placement for fire fighting, rescue, and roof operations

• Climbing

Review:

Basic Firefighting: Ground Ladders

• Ground ladder operations

• Placement of ladders and climbing techniques

• Positioning fire fighting steams

• Ground ladder practical