The firefighter will demonstrate a basic understanding of the organization and operation of a fire department and the concept and principles of fire behavior.
Session Reference: 1
Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic I
Level of Instruction:
Time Required: 3 Hours
• Appropriate Audio-Visual Aids
• Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, IFSTA, Chapters 1 & 2
Objective (SPO): The firefighter will demonstrate a basic understanding of the organization and operation of a fire department and the concept and principles of fire behavior.
Overview: Firefighter Pre-Basic I
• Fire department organization
• Fire department operations
• Fire behavior
Instructors Notes: This drill is designed to provide a new firefighter with a basic understanding of his or her fire department and its operation. The drill also includes some basic information on fire behavior and the concept of what makes a fire. This drill should be localized for each individual department. It is expected that each of the items will be discussed in some level of detail to assist the new firefighter in becoming acclimated to the department.
Firefighter Pre-Basic I
SPO 1-1 The firefighter will demonstrate a basic understanding of the organization and operation of a fire department and the concept and principles of fire behavior.
EO 1-1 Explain the general organizational structure of a fire department.
EO 1-2 Explain the general operational structure of a fire department.
EO 1-3 Explain the concept of fire and the principles related to fire behavior.
I. FIRE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION (1-1)
Fire Department History
• When organized
• Why organized
• First apparatus
• Significant accomplishments (station construction, increases in services provided, etc.)
• Types of service provided
• Constitution and by laws
• House and running rules
• Departmental orders
• Administrative structure
• Operational structure
• County and state fire service organizations that suppose the fire department
• Department - an organization comprised of one or more stations or companies
• Company - an individual type of service (engine, truck, squad) or an individual station
• Engine - a piece of motorized apparatus carrying at least 500 gallons of water, 1,200 feet of supply hose, and 400 of attack hose, some tools, ground ladders, and equipped with a fire pump capable of pumping at least 750 GPM of water (also called a pumper)
NOTE: Be prepared to explain any local variations such as an engine-tanker, rescue engine, or mini-pumper
• Truck - a piece of motorized apparatus carrying multiple ground ladders, tools, and equipped with an aerial device such as a ladder or platform
NOTE: Be prepared to explain any local variations such as a tower or quint
• Squad - a piece of motorized apparatus carrying an assortment of tools and rescue equipment such as that used in vehicle extrication (may need to clarify any differences between a squad and a rescue if both terms are used)
• Tanker - a piece of motorized apparatus carrying at least 1,500 gallons of water and equipped with a pump of at least 500 GPM; generally used for water transport
• Brush Unit - a piece of motorized apparatus designed for off-road operation at fires in fields and woods; carrying a small amount of water and hose and some tools and equipped with a small fire pump
• Ambulance - a unit carrying certain medical equipment and designed for providing emergency medical care and transport; unit may be used as a basic life support unit for basic medical care or advanced life support where the personnel are trained to administer drugs and perform other advanced procedures
II. FIRE DEPARTMENT OPERATIONS (1-2)
• Firefighter I for firefighting operations