Basic Firefighting: Vehicle Firefighting

Attacking a fire involving a motor vehicle should be no different than attacking a fire in a structure. Basic hose handling and attack techniques are used. Session Reference: Topic: Basic Firefighting: Vehicle Firefighting Time...


Attacking a fire involving a motor vehicle should be no different than attacking a fire in a structure. Basic hose handling and attack techniques are used.

Session Reference:

Topic: Basic Firefighting: Vehicle Firefighting

Time Required: 6 Hours

Materials:

• Slide or Overhead Projector and Screen

• Brady Vehicle Fire Slides or Transparencies

• Video Tape "Vehicle Fires" Media Resources

• 3-4 Automobiles

• Excelsior or Untreated Straw

• Fully Equipped Fire Engine (may need two)

References:

• Essentials of Fire Fighting, 4th ed., International Fire Service Training Association

Preparation

Motivation:

Objective (SPO): The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of the techniques to gain access and control and suppress a fire involving a motor vehicle using basic fire suppression and vehicle rescue techniques.

Overview: Basic Firefighting: Vehicle Firefighting

• Vehicle Construction

• Size Up

• Apparatus Placement

• Water Supply

• Safety

• Hoseline Placement

• Exposure Protection Priorities

• Special Considerations

• Practical Exercises

 

Basic Firefighting: Vehicle Firefighting

SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of the techniques to gain access and control and suppress a fire involving a motor vehicle using basic fire suppression and vehicle rescue techniques.

EO 1-1 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of motor vehicle construction and the inherent problems that are present when such a vehicle is involved in a fire.

EO 1-2 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of scene size up for an incident involving a motor vehicle fire.

EO 1-3 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of apparatus placement for a fire involving a motor vehicle.

EO 1-4 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the water supply requirements for a fire involving a motor vehicle.

EO 1-5 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the scene safety requirements and considerations at a fire involving a motor vehicle.

EO 1-6 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of hoseline placement at a fire involving a motor vehicle.

EO 1-7 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of exposure protection priorities for a fire involving a motor vehicle.

EO 1-8 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the special considerations for a fire involving a motor vehicle.

EO 1-9 Demonstrate the proper techniques to gain access and suppress a fire involving a motor vehicle.

 

Instructional Guide

· Vehicle Construction (1-1)

Vehicle Components

     • Body

         • Metal - sheet metal over structural supports

         • Fiberglass on metal frame

         • Plastic in fenders and around bumpers

     • Frame

         • Standard - frame rails

         • Unibody - integrated body support

     • Means of access

         • Doors - front, rear, and hatchback

         • Windows - front, side, rear

         • Hood - hinged front or rear

         • Trunk - usually in rear

         • Wheel wells

         • Lights - head lights and tail lights

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Inherent Problems

     • Toxic gases from burning components

     • Batteries - acid and pressure which could result in an explosion

     • Bumpers - shock absorbers

     • Driveshaft - hollow tubes

     • Catalytic converters - source of ignition

     • Pressurized fuel systems - spray fuel vapors under pressure

     • Tires - pressure that could be released with explosive force and fuel (rubber burns)

     • Glass - breaking characteristics(tempered vs. safety)

     • Electrical shock hazard - battery cables and various electrical components

     • High pressure systems - hydraulic and air brake lines on trucks

     • Airbags - multiple locations dependent upon vehicle

     • Cooling systems - freon under pressure (freon produces toxic vapors when heated)

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Fire Transmission

     • Interior features

        • Seats - upholstery and padding (fire could be deep-seated and smolder before

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