Edited by A Bhatnagar, Honeywell International, USA
Ballistic composites need to be lightweight and durable as well as exhibiting high impact resistance and damage tolerance. This important book reviews these requirements, how the materials used for ballistic composites meet them and their range of applications.
After an introductory chapter, Lightweight ballistic composites is split into two main sections. The first part of the book explores material requirements and testing. There are chapters on bullets and bullet fragments, material responses to ballistic impact, standards and specifications, modelling and test methods. Part Two reviews the range of materials used, production methods and applications. Topic discussed include high-performance ballistic fibres and ceramics, non-woven ballistic and prepreg composites, and their uses in body armour, vehicle and aircraft protection.
This major new book is the first of its kind to give a comprehensive review of the current use of lightweight ballistic composites in both military and law-enforcement applications. It will be an invaluable reference for all those involved in personnel and vehicle protection in defence and police forces around the world.
Contents of Lightweight ballistic composites :
L Wagner, Honeywell International Inc, USA
History. Ballistic fibres. Fibre-reinforced ballistic armour. Woven ballistic materials. Non-woven lightweight armour materials. Prepregs and coatings. Hard and soft armour. Ceramic faced lightweight composite armour. Fabrication processes. Testing of ballistic materials. Ballistic threats. Design of ballistic products. Specifications and standards. Numerical modelling of armour. Applications. Vehicle armour. Future growth of fibre-reinforced armour. Raw materials–converter partnership. Rapid growth of armour materials. Integration and mergers of armour industry. References.
Part 1: Material Requirements and Testing
Bullets, bullet fragments and deformation
A Bhatnagar, Honeywell International Inc, USA
Introduction. Handguns and rifles. Handgun bullets. Fragments. Right circular cylinder (RCC) fragments composition. Small arms bullets. Projectile firing. Timing of firing. Casualty reduction analysis. Penetration and deformation of bullets and fragments. Factors affecting deformation of bullets penetrating a flexible of rigid armour. References.
Material responses to ballistic impact
A Poursatip, The University of British Columbia, Canada
Introduction. Global response. Local response. Influencing parameters. References.
Modelling ballistic impact
A M S Hamouda and R M Sohaimi, Univesity Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Introduction. Computational aspects. Ballistic computational modelling. Concluding remarks and future trends. References.
Standards and specifications for lightweight ballistic materials
A Bhatnagar, Honeywell International Inc, USA
Introduction. Military Standard MIL-STD-662F: V50 Ballistic Test for Armour. National Institute of Technology: NIJ Standard 0101.04. PSDB Ballistic Armour Standard. NATO Standardization Agreement, STANAG 2920, ballistic test method for personal armours. International Standard, ISO/FDIS 14876 (Draft): Protective clothing – body armour. NIJ Standard – 0106.01 for ballistic helmets. Vehicle armour. National Institute for Justice, NIJ 0108 – ballistic resistant protective materials. Specifications. Multiple threat body armour ‘interceptor’. Small arms protective inserts (SAPI). ESAPI. Pacific Rim countries breast plates. European vest. South Asian ballistic vest. Military helmet specification. MIL-L-62474B (AT): Laminate aramid-fabric-reinforced plastics. References.
Testing lightweight ballistic materials
D R Dunn, H P White Laboratory Inc, USA
Armour general. Armour penetration. Armour protection. Armour testing. Ballistic threats. Test methodologies. Ballistic resistance methodologies. Ballistic limit (V50) testing. Stab resistance methodologies. Composite versus monolithic armour. Miscellaneous considerations.
Part 2: Types of Material and their Application
High-performance ballistic fibres
T Tam and A Bhatnagar, Honeywell International Inc, USA
Introduction. Classical high-performance fibres. Rigid chain aromatic high-performance fibres. High-temperature performance fibres. High-performance thermoplastic fibres. Physical properties comparison. Requirements for high-performance fibre. Aramid fibres. Gel spinning of HMPE fibre. Poly (P-phenylenebenzobisoxoazole) fibre. References.
Fabrics and composites for the ballistic protection of personnel
J W Song, US Army Research Development and Engineering Command, Natick Soldier Center and B L("Les") Lee, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, USA
Introduction. Impact testing. Penetration failure mechanisms of fabric and composite armours. Analytical models predicting penetration failure and ballistic limit prediction. References.
Non-woven ballistic composites
H L Thomas, Auburn University, USA
Introduction. Protective materials, devices and end use requirements. Proper selections of fibres. Variations of fibre forms. Filament lay up composites. Historical uses of non-woven ballistic resistant fibres. Methodologies for use of non-woven ballistic resistant fabrics. Future directions for non-woven fabric applications. References.
Prepreg ballistic composites
A Bhatnagar and B Arvidson, Honeywell International Incorporated, and W Pataki, Bedford Materials Incorporated, USA
Introduction. Soft armour. Hard armour. Ballistic prepregs with thermoplastic resins. Hard armour prepregs. Surface properties of ballistic materials. Prepregs tension control. Ballistic versus structural prepregs. Prepregs techniques. Thermoset resins for ballistic prepregs. Thermoplastic resins for ballistic prepregs. Thermoset–thermoplastic hybrid prepregs. Other prepregs techniques. Additives for thermoplastic and thermoset resins. Quality of ballistic prepregs. Storage of prepregs. Shipping of ballistic prepregs. Recycle of prepregs. Disposal of prepregs. References. Partial list of ballistics materials prepregsers.
Ballistic material processing
A Hannibal and B Weir, Composiflex, USA
Introduction. Materials for ballistic composites. Molds. Heating and cooling systems for molds. Mold release. Adhesive bonding. Selection of bonding material. Material preparation for fabrication. Mold preparation. Effective ballistic tolerant structure. Processing of ballistic composites. Method of production. The press. Autoclave versus high pressure molding for ballistic components. Effect of molding pressure. Molding of ballistic products. Hand-held riot shield fabrication. Molding of ballistic insets. Ceramic faced breast plates. Machining of ballistic composites. Conclusion.
New ballistic products and technologie
B R Scott, US Army Research Laboratory, USA
Introduction. Fibre reinforcement. Woven versus non-woven. Ballistic matrices, resins and prepregs. Ceramics and other facing materials. Manufacturing processes. New ballistic products. Future of the composite armour market.
Military and law-enforcement applications of lightweight ballistic materials
A Bhatnagar, Honeywell Incorporated and D Lang, Armor Holding Incorporated, USA
Introduction. US Military. European Military. Asian Military. Law enforcement ballistic protection. Vehicle Armour. Armoured ground vehicles. References of the websites.
Ceramic-faced body armour
J M Salamé and B Quefelec, ARES Protection, France
Introduction. Type of ceramics. Shape of ceramics. Backing lightweight composites materials. Fabrication of ceramic faced armour. Testing of ceramic faced armour. Ballistic performance of ceramic faced material.
For more information kindly visit: http://www.bharatbook.com/detail.asp?id=19133
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04-14-2008, 07:37 AM #1
- Join Date
- Apr 2008
- Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Lightweight ballistic composites: Military and law-enforcement applications
04-14-2008, 10:52 PM #2
Great. Now I know why Gunga Din wont answer the phone when I have a customer service problem."Loyalty Above all Else. Except Honor."
04-14-2008, 11:08 PM #3
I do not know why you are spammiing this forum. The US Military is not authorized to use anything other than what is issued in country. Anyone wearing anything other than the issued equipment would be easily identifiable.
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